Hugh Roy and Lillie Cranz Cullen Distinguished University Chair in Physics
Dear Sponsors, Colleagues and Friends,
I hope that this note finds you very well.
Below for your possible interest, please find the Abstract for a presentation at the
82nd EAGE Conference & Exhibition 2020 8-11June 2020, Amsterdam, The Netherlands- post-convention Workshop on Multiples, Abstract for an Invited Presentation
Warmest best wishes for the New Year,
Multiples: towards a toolbox perspective on assumptions, challenges and options (an Invited Presentation)
Arthur B. Weglein1, Jing Wu2, Frederico Xavier de Melo2 1M-OSRP/Physics Department/University of Houston 2WesternGeco/Schlumberger
All seismic methods make assumptions; when the assumptions are satisfied, methods are effective, and when assumptions are violated, the methods can have difficulty and can fail. Seismic challenges arise when the assumptions behind the algorithm are violated. The three links provided at the end of this Abstract provide: (1) a more extensive and detailed version of this Abstract with a context, motivation and perspective (and the references cited within this abstract) and (2) the various types of assumptions behind seismic processing algorithms.
They are all important. For example, a seismic processing method is not an isolated entity, but rather a link in a sequence of processing steps. All the earlier steps in the chain, are important assumptions, prerequisites and requirements for the effectiveness of later steps.
A critically important assumption for a given link in the chain is the need for subsurface information. The industry trend to deep and complex offshore and onshore plays made the need for adequate subsurface information increasingly difficult or impossible to satisfy, and that inability r emains the situation today. That reality drove the interest in developing methods that did not need to know, to estimate or to determine subsurface information.
Removing the need for subsurface information.
G. Berkhout (1985) and E. Verschuur (1991), pioneered and developed SRME , an algorithm that provided an approximate prediction of the phase and amplitude of free surface multiples, without subsurface information, and independent of earth model type. To address the approximate nature of its prediction it called upon an energy minimization adaptive subtraction to remove the multiples. It is the method of choice for removing free surface multiples that are isolated and not proximal to, or interfering with, other events.
The inverse scattering series (ISS) free surface multiple elimination ( ISS FSME) (Carvalho et al. 1992) algorithm and the ISS internal multiple attenuation (ISS IMA) (Weglein et al. 2003) and ISS internal multiple elimination (ISS IME) (Zou et al. 2019) algorithms taken together, represent the high water mark of current multiple removal capability. They remove all multiples, and can automatically accommodate specular and non-specular reflectors, i nc l u di n g curved reflectors, diffractive reflectors, and pinch-outs, without (knowing, estimating or determining) any subsurface information, or any knowledge of the generators of the multiples. They are the only methods with that set of capabilities. The ISS FSME is the method of choice when a free surface multiple is proximal to or interfering with another event, Chao Ma et al (2018). SRME for FS multiples and ISS IMA have become industry standards for the following two reasons – they do not require any subsurface information or interpreter intervention. Figure 1 (from Zou et al., 2019) shows a comparison of ISS IMA and ISS IME for a model where the base salt primary interferes with an internal multiple generated at the water bottom. The ISS IMA plus adaptive damaged the base salt primary, whereas the ISS IME removed the internal multiple without damaging the base salt primary.
Marchenko-based methods towards internal multiple removal have received substantial and positive interest over the recent years. There are various approaches within the Marchenko portfolio, each with a different set of features and requirements that may suit a given multiple contamination problem, if their assumptions are met.
From two different and important representative Marchenko approaches presented at the recent SEG/KOC Workshop on Multiples Dec. 3-5, 2019, by Wapenaar et al. (2019) and Dukalski et al (2019), we understand that when a full re-datuming of source and receivers is part of the method, a smooth migration like velocity model is needed. Alternatively, when the method is performed from the seismic experiment recording surface, a virtual boundary defining the multiple generating formations and target ones is required. Although the boundary is virtual, it is required to reside beneath a known and well located physical reflector, requiring prior knowledge and information about the subsurface. This requirement can be loosely interpreted as a generalized form of the Jakubowicz (1998) method and relates to early internal multiple removal concepts by Berkhout. For any choice of virtual boundary, certain multiples will be removable and others will not. The paper by Zhang et al. (2019) is an advance within the Marchenko umbrella, that does not require a virtual surface, showed encouraging results, and explicitly points out several assumptions made in the method. Among the assumptions pointed out is that the data and the multiples are assumed to arise from a reflectivity model of the subsurface, a specular reflection model, valid for planar reflectors and will not accommodate curved and diffractive multiple generators. Another assumption is that later-arriving primaries are coming from deeper depths. We know that shallow primary events can have a longer arrival time than a deeper primary, especially at far offset ranges. In such cases, the method assumption is not met, leading to a need of complementary methods to help address the internal multiple contamination issue at far offset. The distinct ISS methods for eliminating free surface multiples, and for attenuating or eliminating internal multiples make none of the assumptions described above for Marchenko methods.
Many factors go into deciding the appropriate toolbox choice for a given play. No method is the cost- effective choice under all circumstances. When a method like, e.g., Radon de-multiple, (that assumes a one-D earth, and requires sufficient move-out differences and a velocity model) is effective, it can be the cost-effective toolbox choice. We encourage collaborative research to understand under what circumstances, e.g., the Marchenko approaches and ISS methods might be the indicated and appropriate toolbox choice for removing multiples. In our view, the function of research is to increase the options in the seismic tool box, providing: (1) effectiveness under a broader set of circumstances, and (2) a guide for when a particular method would be the cost-effective and appropriate choice.
For dealing with onshore challenges, Weglein (2013) proposed a three-pronged strategy. The development of new onshore preprocessing and processing methods that do not need near surface information would be an important step and advance towards realizing that strategy. In this presentation we will cover: (1) a recent advance in the removal of the need for near surface information, (Weglein 2020a) and (2) a new and first multi-D ISS algorithm for eliminating higher order internal multiples (Weglein 2020b).
We thank the M-OSRP sponsors for their encouragement and support and Schlumberger for their support and permission to publish. And we thank Dr Jim Mayhan for his assist in preparing this abstract. We thank the organizers of the 2020 EAGE Workshop on Multiples for the invitation to present.
An extended and more detailed version of this 2020 EAGE Abstract, including references, is available in the two links below
Also relevant for context and perspective is the video below of the key-note address that Weglein presented at the 2019 SEG/KOC workshop on Multiples in Kuwait
“A New Perspective on Removing and Using Multiples”, Pre-recorded keynote address for the SEG/KOC Workshop Seismic Multiples – the Challenges and Way Forward. ( https://youtu.be/sD89_418h1A )
Dear Sponsors, Colleagues and Friends,
I hope that this note finds you very well.
Below please find a link with a video presenting an extended version of an invited key-note address for the SEG/KOC Workshop: Seismic Multiples, the Challenges and the Way Forward” in Kuwait December 3-5.
“ A new perspective on removing and using multiples | they have the same exact goal | imaging primaries, recorded and unrecorded primaries | Recent advances in multiple removal”.
We discuss both direct methods for removing and using multiples , and indirect methods like FWI ( the latter start around 52 minutes into the video)and our view of the role of direct and indirect methods within an effective seismic processing strategy.
In addition to the extended version of the 2019 SEG/KOC presentation video, the first link ( above)contains documents and background video presentations that support and delineate M-OSRP research objectives, strategy and deliverables.
I hope that you find this new video, ( the second link above) to be interesting, informative and worthwhile. We thank you for your constant encouragement and your strong support. I look forward to staying in touch.
We send you and your family our warmest greetings for the Holiday Season and our very best wishes for Good Health and Happiness in the New Year,
You are very warmly and most cordially invited to attend the 2018 M-OSRP Annual Technical Review and Meeting , June 5-6, 2018 at UH
2017 M-OSRP Executive summary - and new opportunities for sponsors and non-sponsors
Greetings and best wishes for 2018. I thought to keep in touch and share a video presentation, with synced slides, providing a sampling of highlights of this year’s progress and deliverables and plans, “ 2017 M-OSRP Executive Summary of Progress, Delivery and Plans: Best Wishes for 2018 ” . Please find that video in the link below. Thank you.
Please feel free to contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org to explore opportunities for sponsors and non-sponsors and the ROI.
Warmest best wishes for 2018,
Research and development of new seismic technology that enables the exploration and production of hydrocarbons. A prioritized set of problems is identified, whose solution would have the highest positive impact. Fundamental research for new concepts, and subsequent algorithm development and synthetic and field-data testing, all aimed at solving these specifically chosen problems; hence, "mission-oriented" seismic research.
Arthur B. Weglein holds the Hugh Roy and Lillie Cranz Cullen Distinguished University Chair in Physics. He is a professor in the Department of Physics and the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences. Weglein is the Director of the Mission-Oriented Seismic Research Program, a research consortium supported by the major oil and service companies in the world. Professor Weglein served as the SEG Distinguished Lecturer in 2003, and was awarded the SEG’s Reginald Fessenden Award in 2010. In 2008 he received the Distinguished Townsend Harris Medal from the City College of the City University of New York for his contributions to exploration seismology. He is the co-author ( with Bob Stolt) of a two volume graduate textbook on “Seismic Imaging and Inversion” published in 2012 by Cambridge University Press.
The M-OSRP group.
- Arthur B. Weglein “Addressing on-shore challenges: A method to remove the need to know, estimate or determine near surface properties for seismic preprocessing and processing methods: Part I, basic concept and initial examples”. *NEW*
- In the link below please find a few 2019-2020 M-OSRP news items: (1) Bob Stolt received the SEG’s highest Honor and Recognition, the 2019 Maurice Ewing Medal, (2) M-OSRP pioneering seismic research and development progress with among advances and new capability, improved seismic resolution and illumination, and (3) the schedule of sponsor-only proprietary code delivery.
- http://mosrp.uh.edu/news/m-osrp-sponsor-roi-and-schedule-of-code-delivery *NEW *
- Papers and presentations documenting M-OSRP goals, focus, plans, delivery and impact *NEW*
- Professor Spotlight: Weglein’s Journey in Fundamental High Impact Seismic Research *NEW*
- Weglein Selected as Co-Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Seismic Exploration *NEW*
- M-OSRP: May 2019 update on projects, progress, deliverables and plans *NEW*
- Ecopetrol presentation *NEW*
- Key-note address at the SEG/KOC Workshop Dec. 3-5, 2019 *NEW*
- News and update from M-OSRP: May, 2019. *NEW*
- M-OSRP strategy and plan for continued high impact seismic development and delivery *NEW*
- Defining and Responding to Seismic E&P Challenges
- M-OSRP news: removing the need for near-surface information for on-shore and OBS processing
- Papers and presentations documenting M-OSRP goals, focus, plans, delivery and impact
- Professor Spotlight: Weglein’s Journey in Fundamental High Impact Seismic Research
- Weglein to Present Keynote Address at SEG/KOC Workshop
- Velocity and density of a two-dimensional acoustic medium from point
source surface data
- Ecopetrol invited paper for Special Issue on Seismic Migration and Inversion
- Advances in the physics of imaging with benefit for petroleum exploration and medical imaging
- 2018 M-OSRP Annual Technical Review and Invited paper sent to Ecopetrol
- M-OSRP: recent advances, new opportunities and strategic plans
- M-OSRP/Weglein 2018 OTC and New Research Projects
- UH M-OSRP News: Q Compensation without knowing or determining Q
- Arthur B. Weglein selected as Co-Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Seismic Exploration
- Letter From Provost John Antel
- UH's Arthur Weglein Receives SEG's Highest Honor – Maurice Ewing Medal
- 2017, M-OSRP, Business Drivers, ROI, Deliverables & E&P Impact
- 2016 SEG M-OSRP Executive Summary Presentation
- Arthur Weglein Website
- Awards & Recognition
- M-OSRP Invited Presentation at Petrobras Workshop on Game Changing Seismic Technology - Aug. 2016
- 2017 – SEG and GSH Presentations
- Four Key Technical and Business Messages /Videos for Both M-OSRP Sponsors and Non-Sponsors Including the IBM Proposal for Cost-Effective Processing with M-OSRP Codes
- Executive Summary : The New M-OSRP Business Model - A Note for M-OSRP Oil and Service Company Sponsors and Non-Sponsors
- Seismic Physics I Course at UH, Physics 7351 , Spring 2016, Instructor, Arthur Weglein
- M-OSRP Schedule and Presentation Slides at the 2015 SEG in New Orleans, Oct 18-23
- M-OSRP presentations at the 2015 SEG Convention and Conference, Oct. 18-23, in New Orleans
- Arthur B. Weglein, presents at the GSH -Data Processing and Acquisition , September 2
- UH Physicist ( Arthur B. Weglein) Captures Highest Honor from Alma Mater(CCNY/CUNY)
- The Agenda of the 2015 M-OSRP Technical Review
- Executive Summary Video: The M-OSRP Delivered Added Value and Documented E&P Impact
- Video: Key–note address , Abu Dhabi, March 31st , 2015 presented at the SEG FWI, Workshop: Filling the gaps in Abu-Dhabi
- Video: Key-note address , Kuwait Oil Company SEG Workshop , December 3, 2014, “Multiples: signal or noise?”
- Video: Invited presentation, 2014 Recent Advances and the Road. Special Opening Session of the SEG Convention
- Submitted 2015 SEG Abstracts
- The Mission-Oriented Seismic Research Program (M-OSRP) featured on APS TV
- Robert H. Stolt’s Reginald Fessenden Award Citation for Arthur B. Weglein
- Arthur B. Weglein will present an invited key-note address on “Direct inversion” at the SEG Workshop on FWI , 30 March-1 April 2015, in Abu Dhabi, UAE
- A.B. Weglein, Nov. 2014, M-OSRP Executive Summary
- A.B. Weglein, Video for Kuwait Oil Company/SEG Workshop, December 13, 2014
- ISS direct depth imaging without a velocity model or other subsurface information: Recent progress and the road ahead” to be presented at the 2014 post-SEG Workshop “ New Advances in Migration” on October 31st, 2014 in Denver Colorado.
Preprints: Fang Liu, Yanglei Zou and Arthur B. Weglein on (1) first WEM RTM and (2) internal multiple elimination.
- News/update from Arthur B. Weglein on M-OSRP meetings, presentations and invited talks at the 2014 SEG International Conference/ Convention, Oct. 27-31 , 2014, Denver, Co., USA.
- M-OSRP Faculty Profile - Dr. Arthur Weglein
- June 27th, 2013 Executive Summary Video Conference and Annual Dinner Update
- Video Stream of the 2013 M-OSRP Annual Executive Summary Technical Review: June 27, 2013
- Weglein Receives Prestigious Townsend Harris Medal from CCNY for Contribution to Exploration Seismology
- CSEG Interviews Art Weglein
- US Congressional Subcommittee on Energy and Commerce: Weglein Called as Expert Witness
- 2013 SEG Annual Meeting Presentations
- A.B. Weglein, Invited Presentation, Recent Advances and the Road Ahead, Opening Session, 2013 SEG International Conference and Convention, Houston, Texas, Sept. 22-27, 2013