Hire a University of Houston Ph.D.
R. Lucas Williams PhD (2016 expected)
Dissertation Title: Three Essays On Legislative Behavior In American Legislatures
Dissertation Committee: Jennifer H. Clark (chair), Justin H. Kirkland, Jason P. Casellas, and Keith E. Hamm
His dissertation examines legislative behavior from three perspectives. The first paper develops and tests a theory explaining how income inequality leads legislators to become more consistent in their roll-call behavior. He finds that as income inequality increases in a legislators' district, political clout (e.g., electoral resources) becomes concentrated among fewer constituents. As a result, legislators need to satisfy fewer preferences and therefore are more consistent in their chamber votes. The second paper designs a measurement of procedural knowledge using a field survey of state legislators and explores possible explanations for variation in legislators' proficiency of their chamber rules. The third paper investigates the effect non-partisan chambers have on the behavior of their memberships. Scholars know a great deal about how parties discipline their members, but they know little about how legislators behave in an environment absent parties. Williams explores how Progressive Era anti-party reform efforts in Minnesota provide a unique opportunity to examine such a circumstance via natural experiment. He collects an original data set of roll-call votes from the Minnesota State Legislature in early 1900s when parties were unexpectedly banned. Additionally, he furnishes a historical account of this event that supports the sudden nature of the banishment of parties in order to provide context for the analysis. Each of these inquires into legislative behavior generate novel ways to think about the work legislators do and the factors that influence how they pursue individual goals.
Paula Cecilia Pineda PhD (2016 expected)
Dissertation Title: Deconstructed Decentralization and Ethnic Conflict: The Impact of Political, Fiscal, and Administrative Decentralization
Dissertation Committee: Ryan Kennedy (chair), Tanya Bagashka, Patrick Shea, Kristin Bakke
This dissertation addresses the divided, inchoate understanding of the role that decentralization can play in ethnic conflict. First, I highlight inconsistencies in the conceptualization of decentralization, which is traditionally bounded to the concept of federalism. To this end, I present the Deconstructed Decentralization Model (DDM), which features political, fiscal, and administrative spheres of decentralization.
My empirical models demonstrate that different types of decentralization are associated with different impacts on ethnic conflict. For example, I find that the local level in the administration sphere functions as a vessel for higher representation and reduces ethnic conflict levels. Importantly, this impact is consistent across low, mid, and high levels of democracy within states. The dissertation also includes a case study of these dynamics in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, and concludes with direct policy implications for the increasingly salient ethnic conflict reality.
Rodrigo Nunez-Donoso PhD (2016 expected)
Dissertation Title: Are Ethnically Heterogeneous Cities More Democratic? Explaining the Sub-National Component of Consociationalism in Post-Conflict Countries
Dissertation Committee: Eduardo Aleman (Co-Chair), Tanya Bagashka (Co-Chair), Jim Granato, Sam Whitt
His dissertation investigates the dynamics of sub-national democratization in post-conflict countries, taking into account the role of ethnic heterogeneity at the local (municipal) and individual levels. He argues that ethnic diversity at the local level is associated with greater levels of electoral competitiveness, and favours de de-ethnification of political contestation by increasing the electoral vote share of multiethnic parties when economic factors are positive. The shift from national level to the subnational one intends to analyze the institutional and behavioral aspects that are usually overlooked in the literature of power-sharing, post conflict democratization. He uses the critical case of Bosnia and Herzegovina (where he has conducted field research) to test the implications of this theory. Bosnia, a case dominated by journalistic descriptions emphasizing protracted ethnic grievances signifies a hard empirical test for his theory.
Bruce A. Hunt, Jr., PhD (2016 expected)
Dissertation Title: "Desiring Immortality and Resisting the Regime in Political Liberalism"
Dissertation Committee: Jeffrey Church (chair), Jeremy Bailey, Scott Basinger, Laurence Cooper
I argue that political theorists have largely overlooked the crucial relationship between the desire for immortality and civic virtue in the political writings of Plato, John Locke, Alexis De Tocqueville, and John Dewey. I identify and analyze these thinkers’ distinct views on this relationship using qualitative and quantitative methods.