Research Programs and Projects
Arithmetical and Cognitive Antecedents and Concomitants of Algebraic Skill
R305A110067 (IES) P.T. Cirino (PI) 08/15/11-08/14/15
The major goal of this project is to examine factors relevant for procedural skill and conceptual algebraic knowledge in middle and high school. The study aims to differentiate procedural and conceptual competency for algebraic knowledge experimentally, predictively, and concurrently. This study includes measures of working memory, language, and numerosity as predictors. Dr. Cirino is the PI, with Co-PIs Dr. Tammy Tolar at the University of Houston, and Dr. Lynn Fuchs at Vanderbilt University. Read more.
P50 HD052117-01 (NICHD, NIH) J.M. Fletcher (PI) 11/01/06-10/31/11
This is a competing continuation of a Center project with major goals to better understand reading comprehension, involving projects of measurement/classification, executive function, intervention, and neuroimaging. Dr. Cirino is the PI of Project 2, “Developing a Framework for Executive Functions in the Context of Reading Comprehension Skills and Difficulties”. Read a news story about this project.
Calculations, Word Problems, and Algebraic Cognition
R01 HD059179-01 (NICHD, NIH) L.S. Fuchs (PI) 12/01/08-11/30/13
The major goal of this project is to ascertain the uniqueness and overlap of cognitive profiles of 2nd grade students who struggle in computations, in word problems, or in both, within a response to intervention (RTI) context. Dr. Cirino serves as a co-investigator, focused on methodology and statistics. Read more about this project.
Conceptual Precursors of Mathematical and Reading Outcomes
R03 HD050422-01A2 (NICHD, NIH) P.T. Cirino (PI) 02/01/07-01/31/10
The major goal of this project is to ascertain the set of underlying cognitive precursors that best predict outcomes in mathematics and reading, and the degree of specificity of these precursors and outcomes. Dr. Cirino served as PI.
Spina Bifida: Cognitive and Neurobiological Variability
P01 HD035946-06A2 (NICHD, NIH) J.M. Fletcher (PI) 02/01/05-01/31/10
The major goal of this competing continuation program project is to identify genetic, CNS, and environmental sources of variability that explain the variations in neurobehavioral outcomes associated with spina bifida meningomyelocele (SB). Dr. Cirino served as a co-investigator within Core C (Database and Statistics).
Quantity Estimation and Comparison
The current research project being conducted in the lab is called Quantity Estimation and Comparison. Becca Martin is the PI and each lab member helps with data collection, entry and analysis. Early math skills and concepts have been studied in children as young as infants through elementary and high school. These early skills include number sense (an understanding of numbers and their relationships - quantity, magnitude), counting and fact retrieval. This research focuses on aspects of math that can predict later math outcomes to create better identification procedures and interventions. However, little is known about the relationship of these factors to math outcomes once basic skills have been mastered. Therefore, the focus of this study is to determine the relation of quantity estimation and comparison tasks in the context of other skills (math fact retrieval, cognitive and reading skills) to a variety of simple and complex math outcomes in adults. The present study offers insight into important concomitants of math, and how they are situated amongst other skills.