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Ancient Greece


Russell, Douglas Costume History and Style; chapter 4, pp. 44-65


Aegis:Animal skin worn with a slit for the head, with the head of the animal, usually a goat, on the breast.

Buskins: Skin or cloth used to bind or swathe the feet or legs of common men.

Chlamys: A smaller woolen rectangle that the himation, of Macedonian or Italian origin; some times bordered, pinned at right shoulder or front; worn with short chiton or alone by younger, more active men.

Doric peplos or chiton: A garment worn by all Greek women to the sixth century.  It was of wool dyed indigo, madder, or saffron, frequently patterned, especially at the turn of the fifth century.  Its upper edge was folded over to hang down on the breast; it was folded around the body, caught together on each shoulder by pins, leaving the arms uncovered, and though open down the right side, was held in place by the girdle, over which it bloused.  In Corinth and Attica, it was sewn together down the side below the waistline.  With time, the garment grew wider and was known as the Doric chiton, and the overfold deepend so that it was included in the girdling or hung over and concealed the girdle.  When not girded, the overfold could be raised over the head in back as a shawl.

Fibula:Pin or brooch of ancient Greece and Rome, which resembled in form the modern safety pin.  Often richly decorated.

Fillet:Piece of fabric bound around the head, as a sweatband.


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