Dr. Rodriguez

Introduction to Sociology

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Unit 2 Lecture 5 Notes
Unit 2 Lecture 5: Types of Societies

Types of Human societies


  • Hunting-Gathering societies

  • Horticultural societies

  • Agrarian societies

  • Industrial societies

  • Post-industrial societies

Hunting-Gathering society

  • Earliest from of human society

  • Smallest size(family bands)

  • Most time spend looking for food

  • Very nomadic

  • Very low developed division of labor

  • Longest lasting society(99% of all societal time)-59 minutes and 51 seconds on the societal time clock

Horticultural society

  • Villages( less than a hundred inhabitants to several hundred)

  • Family clans and others

  • Domestication of plants and animals

  • Semi-nomadic

  • Food production is a major social effort

  • Division of labor evolves especially by gender

  • Religious and military leader roles

  • 3.6 seconds on the societal time clock

Agrarian society

  • Developed large-scale agriculture

  • Large societies with large cities

  • Multiethnic society

  • Large division of labor

  • Farming technology roles (government, religion, business, etc.)

  • Peasants are the largest class (50 % or more of population)

  • 5.2 seconds on the societal time clock

Industrial society

  • Most developed form of human society

  • Nation-states

  • Mega populations (metropolis)

  • Advanced technology in many fields

  • Less than 10% of population is involved in food production

  • Very detailed division of labor (gender roles remain)

  • Enormous capacity to destroy other societies

  • Less than one second old on the societal time clock