Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Physicians practice medicine by earning a doctorate degree from an allopathic medical school (M.D.) or an osteopathic medical school (D.O.). Explore what it takes to become a physician.
Dentistry is a branch of medicine that concerns itself with the disorders and conditions of the oral cavity. Dentists attend dental school to earn a doctorate degree in dental surgery (D.D.S.) or dental medicine (D.D.M.). Explore what it takes to become a dentist.
Optometry is the health field involved with examining, diagnosing, treating, and managing diseases, injuries, and disorders of the visual system, as well as identifying related systemic conditions affecting the eye. Optometrists attend optometry schools to earn a doctorate degree in optometry (O.D.).
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs. Pharmacists earn a doctorate degree in pharmacy (Pharm.D.) by attending pharmacy school.
Physician Assistants (PAs) practice medicine on healthcare teams with physicians and other providers. They practice under a supervising physician. A PA earns a master’s degree through a Physician Assistant school.
Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, facilitation of healing, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, groups, communities, and populations. There are several educational paths that one may become a nurse. Nurses may earn a B.S.N., M.S.N., D.N.P. or Ph.D.
Physical therapy is a branch of medicine that uses mechanical force and movements through manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, to promote mobility and function. Physical Therapists earn a doctorate degree in Physical Therapy (D.P.T.) by attending Physical Therapy School.
Occupational therapy is the use of assessment and intervention to develop, recover, or maintain meaningful activities (occupations) for people with disabilities, injuries or impairments. Occupational Therapists earn either a master’s (M.S.O.T.) or doctorate (O.T.D) degree in Occupational Therapy through an Occupational Therapy School.
Speech Language Pathology
Speech language pathologists (SLPs) assess and treat individuals from birth through geriatrics who have disorders of human communication and swallowing. SLPs provide services in homes, schools, private clinics, hospitals, rehabilitation facilities and nursing homes. In order to practice independently, Speech Language Pathologists earn a master’s degree from an accredited graduate program in Communication Sciences and Disorders. Certification and licensure is required in most states.
Veterinarian medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease in animals. Veterinarians (vets) practice veterinary medicine by earning a doctorate degree from a veterinary school (D.V.M.).
Other Allied Health
Allied Health professionals are involved with the delivery of health or related services pertaining to the identification, evaluation and prevention of diseases and disorders; dietary and nutrition services; rehabilitation and health systems management, among others.
Public health is the interdisciplinary science of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health including but not limited to epidemiology, biostatistics, environmental health, community health, behavioral health, health economics, public policy, mental health and occupational safety.