PAKISTAN: AT A GLANCE


FACTS AND FIGURES

Names:
Conventional long form: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Conventional short form: Pakistan
Former: West Pakistan

Digraph: PK

Type: Republic (1956, proclamation of republic)

Independence: 14 August 1947 (from British empire)

Flag: Green with a vertical white band (symbolizing the role of religious minorities) on the hoist side; a large white crescent and star centered in the green field; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam

Capital: Islamabad

Provinces: Baluchistan, North West Frontier Province (NWFP), Punjab and Sind

Area:
Total area: 803,940 sq. km
Land area: 778,720 sq. km

Neighboring countries: west: Iran; northwest: Afghanistan; northeast: China; and, southeast: India

Land boundaries: total 6,774 km, Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km

Time: plus 5 hours GMT

Highest point: Mt. K-2, which is 8,611 meters high (ranked number 2 in the World)

Hottest place: Sibi, Baluchistan (over 50 degrees Centigrade in summer; over 122 degrees Fahrenheit)

Major rivers: Indus, Jhelum, Sutlej, Chenab and Ravi

Population: 131,541,920 (July 1995 est.)

Life expectancy:
Total population: 57.86 years
Male: 57.18 years
Female: 58.56 years (1995 est.)

Nationality:
Noun: Pakistani(s)
Adjective: Pakistani

Main Languages: Urdu (national language), English (widely used in government and business), Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtu, Balochi and others

Religions: Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shia 20 %), Christian, Hindu and others 3%

Exports:
Commodities: cotton, textiles, clothing, rice, leather, carpets
Partners: US, Japan, Hong Kong, Germany, UK, UAE, France

Imports:
Commodities: petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, transportation equipment, vegetable oils, animal fats, chemicals
Partners: Japan, US, Germany, UK, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, South Korea

Industries: textile, food processing, beverages, construction materials, clothing, paper products and shrimp

Agriculture:
Major crops: cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits and vegetables
Livestock products: Milk, beef, mutton and eggs

Currency: Rupee (1 rupee=100 paisa)

Fiscal year: 1 July - June 30

Railroads: Total: 8,773 km

Highways:
Total: 177,410
Paved: 94,027
Unpaved: 83,383

Ports: Gwadar, Karachi, Ormaro (under construction), Port Muhammad Bin Qasim

Airports:
Total: 119
With paved runways: 104
With unpaved runways: 15

Defense Forces: Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Civil Armed Forces, National Guard, paramilitary/security forces


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