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Liquidity Preference vs. Loanable Funds in Stock-Flow Economies:  A
Comment," Review of Economic Studies, Vol. XXXIV (4), October, 1967, pp.

Free Reserves, Vault Cash, and the Portfolio Behavior of Banks," Journal of
Political Economy, Vol. 75, (6), December, 1967, pp. 889-892.

"An Econometric Model of the Impact of Open Market Operations on Various
Bank Classes," Journal of Finance, Vol. XXIII (4), Septem-ber, 1968, pp.

"Tariffs, Intermediate Goods, and Domestic Protection," American Economic
Review, Vol. LIX (3), June, 1969, pp. 261-269.

"Tariffs, Intermediate Goods, and Domestic Protection:  A Reply," American
Economic Review, Vol. LX (5), December, 1970, pp. 964-967.

"The Welfare Implications of Effective Protection," in Herbert G. Grubel and
Harry G. Johnson, eds., Effective Tariff Protection, Geneva:  Graduate
Institute of Interna-tional Studies and General Agreement on Tariffs and
Trade, 1971, pp. 85-107.

"Cournot Oligopoly and Competitive Behavior," Review of Economic Studies,
Vol. XXXVIII (4), October, 1971, pp. 493-502.

"Pollution in a Crusoe Economy," Canadian Journal of Economics,
        Vol. V (1), February, 1972, pp. 110-118.
"Charity, Competition, and the Pricing of Doctors' Services,"
        Journal of Human Resour-ces, Vol. VIII, Spring, 1973, pp. 212-222.
(coauth-or:  Duane Leigh)

"International Trade Under Uncertainty," Journal of International Economics,
Vol. 4, August, 1974, pp. 243-259.

"Comparative Advantage Under Uncertainty," Journal of International
Economics, Vol. 4, August, 1974, pp. 261-273.

"Trade Patterns with Capital Mobility," in M. Parkin and A. Norbay, eds.,
Current Economic Problems, Cambrid-ge, 1975, pp. 307-322.  (coauth-or:
Ronald Jones)

"Comment on Jones and Berglas and Magee," in K. Brunner and A.
        Meltzer, eds., Carnegie-Rochester Con-ference Series on Public  Policy,
Vol. 7, 1977.

"A Note on the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem," Journal of International Economics,
Vol. 7 (4), November, 1977, pp. 403-406.

"Protection and Real Wages:  The Neoclassical Ambiguity," Journal of
Economic Theory, Vol. 14 (2), April, 1977, pp. 337-348.  (coauthor:  Ronald

"Tariffs, the Balance of Payments, and the Demand for Money,"
        Journal of Interna-tional Economi-cs, Vol. 9, May, 1979, pp. 28

"Growth and the Long-Run Theory of International Capital        Movements,"
American Economic Review, Vol. 69 (5), December, 1979, pp. 832-842.

"Border Tax Adjustments and Countervailing Duties,"     Weltwirtschaftlic-hes
Archiv, Vol. 115 (2), 1979, pp. 351-355.

"Trade and Factor Movements with Three Factors and Two Goods,"
        Economic Letters, Vol. 7, 1981, pp. 177-182.

"International Factor Movements," in Ronald Jones and Peter Kenen, eds.,
Handbook in Interna-tional Economi-cs, Vol. I, North-Holland (1984), Chapter
5, pp. 237-288.

"Taxing International Capital Movements in a Growing World," Journal of
Interna-tional Economi-cs, Vol. 18, May, 1985, pp. 261-279.

"The Role and Foreign Direct Investment in U.S. Capital Outflows,
American Economic Review, Vol. 76 (5), December, 1986, pp.1126-1130.
(Coauthor: Farhad Rassekh)
"The Missing Link:  The Ricardian Approach to the Factor Endowments Theory
of Trade," American Economic Review, September, 1988, pp. 759-72.

"The Ricardian Factor Endowment Theory of International Trade,"
        International Economic Journal, 4 (Winter 1990), 1-20.

"First and Second Best Factor Comparative Advantages and International
Trade," Economica, 59 (November 1992), 453-63.

"International Capital Movements in the Solow and Overlapping   Generations
Growth Models," Review of International Economics,      1 (June 1993), 123-35
(with Young D. Yoon).

"Job Market Preferences and International Trade," in Wilfred J. Ethier et.
al., eds., Theory, Policy, and Dynamics in      International Trade.  Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press,     1993, 75-90.

"What Determines Economic Growth," Economic Review of the Federal Reserve
Bank of Dallas, Spring, 1993. (With David Gould)

"The Theory and Practice of Free Trade," Economic Review of the Federal
Reserve Bank of Dallas, Winter, 1993.

"Endogenous Growth and International Trade," Review of  International
Economics, 2 (March 1994).

"Human Capital, Trade, and Economic Growth,"  Weltwirtschaftlic- hes
Archiv, 131 (1995), 425-445.  (With David Gould)

"Externalities, Markets, and Government Policy,"  Economic Review of the
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Third Quarter, 1996

"Trade Deficits:  Causes and Consequences,"  Economic Review of  the
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Fourth Quarter, 1996 (With David Gould).

"Country-Bashing Tariffs: Do Bilateral Trade Deficits Matter?"  Journal of
International Economics,   1998 (with W.    Michael Cox).

“Quasi-Specific Factors:  Worker Comparative Advantage in a Two-Sector Production Model,” Journal of International Economics, 48 (April 2001).

  “Oligopoly and Trade:  What, How Much, and For Whom?”  Journal of International Economics, 2003. 

“David Ricardo’s Discovery of Comparative Advantage,” forthcoming, History of  Political Economy, 2002.

"International Trade Under Oligopoly," Review of International Economics, 2003, forthcoming.

"Trade and Wages: A Deeper Investigation," December, 2002 (with Ronald Jones).



Principles of Economics, 6th Edition, New York: Addison-Wesley,         l997.
(Coauth-or:  Paul Gregory)

Essential of Economics, Glenview, IL.:  Scott, Foresman and Company, 1986.
(Coauth-or:  Paul Gregory)

Intermediate Microeconomics, 2/e, New York: HarperCollins,      Publishers, 1992.

Economics, 2/e, New York: Harper Collins, 1992.


Editorial Boards:

Board of Editors, Review of International Economics, 1990-1996,
Journal of International Trade and Economic Development.


  Grants, Awards:

National Science Foundation, 1979-1981.



American Economic Review
Journal of Political Economy
Journal of International Economics
International Economic Review
Quarterly Journal of Economics
National Science Foundation
Economic Inquiry
Review of Economic Studies
Econometrica plus others