Two Bruker ESP 300 Spectrometers, two 9 GHz Bridges and one 35 GHz Bridge with variable temperature to 4K

Varian E-4 ESR Spectrometer (computerized)

Bruker ESP 380 Pulsed ESR Spectrometer (9 GHz)

Two Homebuilt Pulsed ESR Spectrometers (3 and 9 GHz)

Perkin Elmer 330 UV-Vis Spectrophotometer with Diffuse Reflectance Accessory

Nicolet 740 FTIR (Mid-IR and Far IR)

Philips PW1840 Powder X-ray Diffractometer

Quantachrome Monosorb Surface Area Analyzer

Two Gas Chromatographs interfaced to vacuum lines for catalytic evaluation

Micromeritics Gas Adsorption Analyzer for pore size distributions

TA Instruments Thermal Analyzer (TGA & DTA)

Altamira Instruments Temperature Programmed Desorption (TDP)

Electron Microprobe- JEOL JXA 8600 (metal ion analyses)

Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) Cambridge 2500 MK3

Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) JEOL 2000 FX (100 kV)