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GUIDELINES This site allows non-lexicographers to aid the specialists in elaborating the history of English words and names.

Non-lexicographers provide the raw data and why the example may be relevant: words with links to the AALT with the apparent relevant entry in the OED [www.oed.com], along with as much more information as they are willing to give. The necessary elements are WORD, DATE, QUOTATION, OED entry referenced and relation to that entry, DOCUMENT link, county margination, and series. You may include also the Middle English form or Anglo-Norman form if you want. This entry is just raw data and NOT a statement that the word is properly identified.

TEMPLATE (In edit mode, copy and paste the template; delete elements not included, write over necessary elements):

Bugle (OED bugle, MED bugle, AND bugle): 1318. KB27. Surrey. tria cornua, que vocantur bugles. Early use by OED, could be French. [1]

Lexicographers and similar specialists may assess the raw data using the format of bullet points beneath the raw data entry. The raw data may be added to or edited, but not completely removed. Raw data that was misidentified should remain to assist others who want to enter data. The lexicographical assessment bullets should confirm the identification or supply a different identification and indicate whether the word is too common (“No more needed”), only earlier examples are desirable (“Only earlier needed”) or any further examples are desirable (“More needed”). If the material is carried over to a dictionary, that should likewise be indicated. Disagreement with the assessment can be indicated in a second bullet etc.


  • Proper identification. More needed.

You are encouraged to provide more information from the Middle English Dictionary [2], the Anglo-Norman Dictionary [www.anglo-norman.net], P.H. Reaney and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames ed. 3 (1991), G. Fransson, Middle English Surnames of Occupation 1100-1350 (1935), or B. Thuresson, Middle English Occupational Terms (1950).


Saghere: 1342. Hampshire. Aliciam la Saghiere. [3]. 1349. Yorkshire. Johannes filius Willelmi le Saghere. OED has earliest 1379. [4] rcp 03/12

Saleman: 1320. Johannem Saleman. Essex. OED has earliest usage of saleman as 1642. [5]

Sawier: 1342. Worcestershire. Johannem le Sawier. OED has earliest 1350. [ http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT1/E3/KB27no329/bKB27no329dorses/IMG_0209.htm] rcp 11/12

Saylet: 1530. Norfolk. unam galeam vocatam a saylet. Not in OED. [6] rcp 02/12

Scallede: 1344. Herefordshire. Walterum le Scallede. OED has earliest 1340. [7] rcp 03/12

Sclattare: 1361. Worcestershire. Johannem de Ruyhale sclattare. OED has earliest 1405. [8] rcp 03/13

Sealgravere: 1360. London. Andreas le Sealgravere goldsmyth. OED does not have. [9] rcp 03/13

Seeling: 1590. Sussex. una lignaria vocata a seeling. OED apparently does not have in this sense. [10] rcp 04/12

Segger: 1344. Cambridgeshire. Johannem de Sutton seggere. OED has only example from 1440. [11] rcp 03/12

Selgraver: 1347. London. corpus Willelmi de Marham selgraver. OED does not have. [12] rcp

Serdere: 1344. Worcestershire. Willelmum le Serdere seniorem. OED does not have. [13]; 1344. Herefordshire. Willelmo le Serdare de Evesham. [14] rcp 03/12

Seterdaysmarket: 1354. Leyc'. in quodam loco vocatur Seterdaysmarket. [15] SJ 07/11

Shakebelle: Johannem Shakebelle iuniorem. OED only has shake, uncertain beginning in fourteenth century. [16]

Shepdryvere: 1343. Hertfordshire. Ricardum Shepedryver de Amwell. [17]. 1345. Nottinghamshire. Johannes Shepdryvere de Neuwerk. OED does not have. [18] rcp 03/12

Shether: 1346. Suffolk. qui se facit nominare shether. OED has earliest 1379. [19] rcp 03/12

Shraggere: Norfolk. Radulphum filium Alexanderi de Estbradenham shraggere. OED only example is 1440. [20], Norfolk. 1342. Ricardum filium Alani le Shraggere de Babbynggle. [21] rcp 03/12

Shurtere: Surrey. Johannes le Shurtere. OED does not have. [22] rcp 03/12

Sypers hatband: 1590. Kent. circumale pro galero vocatum a sypers hatband. [23] 04/12

Skeppemakere: 1355. Norfolk. Petrum Nunde skeppemakere. OED has "skep" from 1340, but not "skepmaker" at all. [24] rcp 10/12

Skeyne: 1530. Gloucestershire. cum quodam cultello vocato a skeyne precii duorum solidorum. In OED as earliest at 1527 or 1530. [25] rcp 02/12

Skirmesour: 1319. Nicholaum le Skirmesour. OED has earliest 1565 (skirmish in 1420). [26]. 1344. Cambridgeshire. Nicholaum Skyrmishour de Trumpeton. [27] 03/12

Slatiere: 1342. Northamptonshire. Ricardum le Slatiere. OED does not have in this sense. [28] rcp 11/12

Sklatston: 1320. lapides talliatos et lapides vocatos sklatston. Rutland. OED has earliest 1450 or 1392. [29] rcp

Skryvener: 1345. Norfolk. Willelmum Skryvener. OED has earliest in 1375. [30] rcp 03/12

Skottyshedagger: 1530. Suffolk. cum quodam daggario vocato a Skottyshedagger. [31] rcp 02/12

Skutes: 1346. Norfolk. de florenis vocatis skutes ad valenciam ducentarum librarum. OED has earliest 1400. [32] rcp 03/12

Skyre (OED skyre): 1319. KB27. Yorkshire. contentio mota fuit (date) in marketskyre in Ebor' OED has single 16th century instance of uncertain meaning. [33]

Snytes: 1530. London. sex duodenas de malardes, sex herons, sex byters, decem et octo snytes, et undecim duodenas de larkes. Apparently some kind of bird. OED does not have. [34] rcp 02/12

Somorsadelmaker: 1345. London. Thomas de Emmodesham de Fletestrete somersadelmaker. Not in OED (OED has sommersaddle only in 1398.) [35] rcp 03/12

Sparth: 1342. Yorkshire. de quadam hachea vocata sparth precii sex denariorum. [36]. 1343. Yorkshire. de quodam armo vocato sparth. [37] rcp 11/12. 1347. Yorkshire. de quodam armo vocato sparth felonice percussit. OED has earliest 1363. [38] rcp 03/12

Speke: 1342. Essex. cum quodam baculo de fraxino vocato speke in capite percussit. OED has earliest 1366. [39] rcp 11/12

Spensere: 1345. Johannem le Spenser. OED has earliest 1380. [40] rcp 03/12

Spilbone: 1342. London. os eiusdem brachii vocatum spilbon fregit et conquassavit. [41]. 1344. Yorkshire. os eiusdem brachii vocatum spilbone conquassavit et fregit. OED does not have. [42] rcp 03/12

Spyndeler: Norfolk. Willelmum filium Rogeri le spyndeler de Lenn'. Not in OED. [43] rcp 03/12

Spynnall: 1590. London. unam gemmam anglice a spynnall ad valenciam viginti librarum. Apprently not in OED in this sense. [44] rcp 04/12

Spitel: 1359. Nottinghamshire. Hugonem Prest of the Spitel of Newerk. OED has only earlier in 1315. [45] rcp 03/13

Sporier: 1344. Worcestershire. Johannem de Hulle sporier. OED has earliest 1389. [46] rcp 03/12; 1344. Herefordshire. Johannem le Sporiare de Gloucestre. [47] rcp 03/12

Squyler: 1344. Johannis le Squyler clerici. Anglo-Norman? OED has only 1303 earlier. [48] rcp 03/12; Norf. 1343 Johannem Page squyler. [49] rcp 11/12

Stabler: 1320. Willelmum le Stabler. Suffolk. OED earliest is general fourteenth century. [50]; 1344. Warwickshire. Thomas le Stabler de Coventre. [51] rcp 03/12

Standyngcoppys: 1463. Buckinghamshire. sex ciphos argenti vocatos standyngcopys. OED does not have. [52] rcp 02/12

Styleman: 1360. Somerset. Johannem Styleman. OED does not have the compound. [53] rcp

Striker: 1344. Norfolk. Thomam Bidenhagh strikere. OED has earliest 1393 (same meaning?). [54]

Stringer: 1344. Yorkshire. Johannem le Stringer. [55]; 1530. Shropshire. Johannem Pygott de Newport in comitatus Salopie strynger. First OED usage is in 1420; second is in 1541. [56] rcp 02/12

Surgien: 1319. Johannes de Totenham surgien. Ambivalent if English. OED: earliest English usage 1330. [57] rcp; also 1322 Richard de Denton, Surrigyen [58][59] SJ

Swa . . . Swa: 1345 (purportedly from charter of 1062]. no iustynge on that ministre ne swa wyde swa the tonnes marke gothe ther. [60]rcp 03/12

Swappard: 1349. Yorkshire. cum quodam cultello vocato swappard prefatum Willelmum de Croxton vulneravit. OED does not list. [61] rcp (1.28.2012)

Swappe: 1344. Yorkshire. cum quodam cultello qui vocatur swappe. OED does not have in this sense. [62] rcp

Swetmylk: Lincolnshire. Walterum Swetmylke de Torkeseye. [63] rcp 10/12

Swinehird: 1319. per Simonem le Swinehird. From OED relatively early. [64] rcp 2011

Swynglestere: 1343. Northamptonshire. Isabella le Swynglestere. OED does not have. [65] rcp 11/12

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