Legal Profession

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This page is for links to material revealing about the legal professions, from relations with clients, to legal fees, to illegal conduct. The following abbreviations for scholars responsible for entries are used: RCP or no signature = Robert Palmer: SJ or SB = Susanne Brand; PAB = Paul Brand

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6 July 1252: pardon to Geoffrey Daniell. Withdrew himself for fear of Humphrey de Bohun who charged that he had misled (seduxit) him when he was his attorney against Walter de Baskerville before JJ of Bench [CPR 1247-58, p. 144] PAB

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T1256:A Possible deception by attorney [KB26/142, m. 12] PAB

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H1275 A:: Derby. Robert de Crey, co. Derby, was appointed attorney by Margery widow of Alexander Luterel before JJ of Bench for seeking dower but obtaining of dower took longer than it ought by his default. He agrees that she have lands of his to the value of the third being sought to keep until at his own cost and by his suit he obtains her dower. Entry shows that he is a neighbour and not a professional lawyer. [1] PAB

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M1278 A: Norfolk. Hamon de la Grene vs Reginald de Clackclose. Defendant says Adam Spitheleschanke brought 3 false royal writs to William Giffard as sheriff of Norfolk with whom Reginald was then clerk. Perceived falsity. Adam took refuge in church and acknowledged falsity was made by Hamon. [2] PAB; for the appointment of Hamon de la Grene of Hanworth as attorney in an unrelated case see [3] PAB; for a plaint against Hamon for trespass in Norfolk see [4] PAB

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H1279 A: Norfolk.Mainprise for Simon de Clay who offered imself as attorney of Mary, widow of Robert de Thyme of Fodon and put himself on record of the rolls but could not be found [5] PAB

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1286 Norfolk Eyre: presentment by county knights: Simon de Cleye adhered to other party and so lost land for his client Fulcher de Surr' by default, trial by jury - Simon was sent to gaol [6] PAB


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E1287 A: Lincoln. Matthew le Crestyen, attorney of HUgh le Taillur, defaulted wrongly to favour of adverse party (William le Latimer and Alice his wife and Christine, widow of John le Latimer. Earl of Lincoln, who had given the wardship to Hugh, gets writ to investigate [7] PAB

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E1290 A: London. Case transferred from London hustings into Bench: Complaint that defendant's attorney had arrainged with the essoiner William of Pocklington to essoin defendant but he had then failed to do so. The essoiner goes to gaol. [8] PAB

M1290A: Worcestershire. Mandate from King to JJ to inquire into misbehaviour of Edmund of Littleton who undertook to prosecute and defend a case for 10 marks and had revealed counsel and the basis of the defence to client's opponents [9] PAB

M1290B: Warwickshire. Master John of Colby sued litigation for clients after the case had gone sine die by nonsuit. Master John committed to gaol. [10] PAB


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E1297 A: Adam de Duyn vs Robert Waundard, parson of the church of Shoteswell, in a plea that he forcibly seized and abducted Amice, wife of the said Adam, in the parish of St Mary de la Stronde outside the bar of the New Temple London (vi et armis). [11]

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T1308 A: misconduct of Geoffrey de Clyff, attorney in suit Henry de Herdyngton v Henry Rete of Erdynges [12] SJ

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T1314 A: Attorney without proof of warrant sent to Marshalsea prison [13] SJ

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  • H1342 A: Et sciendum quod quidam Willelmus Lovel miles in curia hic in presencia et audiencia justiciariorum animo impetuoso dixit cuidam Ade de Flitham narratori predicti Petri Faukes in assisa predicta placitanti in eadem assisa in exclusione eiusdem assise et proponendo predictum scriptum ut superius continetur quod ipse Adam et alii narratores qui fuerunt de consilio predicti Petri non fuerunt in toto fideles eo quod ipsi die precedenti dixerunt eidem Willelmo quod ipsi non habuerunt alioquod tale scriptum penes se, per quod predictus Willelmus Lovel committitur prisone etc. Postea idem Willelmus fecit finem cum domino Rege occasione predicta ut patet per rotulum finium istius termini etc. Ideo ipse deliberatur etc. [14] rcp

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  • M1345 A: Rex v. Robert de Neuwenham procurator in court Christian in the church of St Peter of York. Presented that he was procurator of Robert de Rouclif knight in a case against Lord John de Holthorpe and took 10s from Holthorpe in deception of Rouclif. Also he by conspiracy with Thomas de Popelton made John son of Phillip de London to draw Matilda de Percy into a false plea in court Christian so that Neuwenham was Matilda's procurator and took from her 10s, while he also took 10s from John. [15] rcp

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1348: H1348A: Assault in hall of pleas in Somerton in 18 Edward III before justices. [16], [17] rcp

M1348 A: Yorkshire. Rex v. Master Robert de Newenham procurator in the court Christian in the church of St Peter, York. Newehnam was found to be a common ambidexter; he took 10s for his fees. [18]

M1348 B: Yorkshire. Rex v. John de Barneburgh found guilty of champerty as attorney in cases arising in Donaster in 18 Edward III. [19]

H1349 A: Yorkshire. Presented that Hugh Boldbody de Kerhous was an ambidexter in pleas: he was of counsel of Olive Proctur of North Duffield in her widowhood in a bill prosecuted coram rege in the time of William Scot against John son of Hugh of North Duffield; he took from Olive his salary and from John 40d. He was a common ambidexter in many pleas. He was of counsel to William Haukesworth de Blactofte to prosecute for him divers bills against Adam Toy de Salby and against Alice Bore de Esterington, but he prosecuted those bills to have a part, so that by arbitration and the consideration of neighbors chosen between them Haukesworth was supposed to have two marks of silver for the wrongs done by Adam and Alice, of which William Haukesworth got only 5s and Boldbody got the rest, which he took at champerty. And he is a common maintainer of pleas. He made fine. [20]

H1349 B: Yorkshire. Presented that John de Slengesby took from the lady of Molton 13s4d to aid her on a jury of formedon between her and Elena Vendour, but then took 20s from Elena to hold with her in the same plea. [21] 1349:

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  • E1361 A: Delivery by William de Shareshull to Henry Greene of all the document series (named) of king's bench. [22] rcp

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  • M1435: Thomas Fulthorp, serviens at legem, v. John Lokwod, Sutton under Whitstanclyffe, Yorkshire, for a debt of £18, mesne process only [23] SJ

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  • T1465: 3 July 1465 appointment of John West as successor of the late Thomas Croxton as coroner and king's attorney in the King's Bench [24] SJ

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  • H1530 A: Middlesex. William Whyte v. Thomas Gardyner gentleman. Trespass on the case. On October10 20 Henry VIII Whyte retained Gardyner by 3s4d as counsel for legal business at Westminster. He gave Gardyner 5 marks for the needs of prosecution, but Gardyner converted the money to his own use. Gardyner protested that he had not been retained and pleaded that he did not receive the 5 marks. [25] rcp

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  • H1590 A: Solicitor hire. Middlesex. Henry Buttes one of the clerks of Edward Hall a clerk of John Rooper knight and Thomas Rooper armiger chief clerk of king's bench v. Robert Aberd. Aberd had hired Buttes as solicitor to prosecute several actions in king's bench and also to defend in other actions. Buttes was to pay all the normal fees, and Aberd would refund the fees. There were four actions and Buttes spent in all 32s4d, but Aberd did not repay. Aberd did not defend; a jury found that Buttes suffered 35s in damages and costs of 10s. [26] rcp
  • H1590 B: Middlesex. Thomas Shawe gentleman a clerk of king's bench v. Anthony Lyngwood gentleman attorney of king's bench. Trespass on the case for the purchase of various writs. [27] rcp

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