Foreign Merchants

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This page is for material relating to foreign merchants. Enter under the document year. Entries should just be pasted in series after the year.

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  • T1308 A: Andreas Boncrestien, "sursinus", and Orlandus de Parem, servant of magister Andreas le Marshal, Lombard merchants, attached to respond the king, Nicholaus Pycot and Nigel Drury, sheriffs of London, and Hildebrand de Novo Curia, a German merchant, for trespass [1]

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  • H1339 A: London. Kellus Donasi, merchant of Lucca v. Ralph de la Marche, tailor, writ of trespass, capias returnable in octaves of the Purification.[2], sicut prius capias returnable in quindene of Easter [3] sj
  • H1339 B: Cambridgeshire. Richard de Morton v. Hildebrand Suderman, German merchant, continuation of a plea enrolled in Michaelmas term 1338 m 39d [4], Carta mercatoria c. 6 quoted and confirmation of this article by Edward III in letter dated 18 Oct. 1338 enrolled, argued that Suderman was a German merchant and that there was a fair on the day of the trespass and two days thereafter (16-18 Dec. 1336) in Great Wilbraham (6 miles east of Cambridge). Early example of half tongue jury (referred to in the case noted under E1348 B [5],[6] sj

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  • H1342 A: Presented that Henry Batville, John de Enemerche, Simon de Buttele, John Baret, Michael de Dudlyngton, John de Leveryngton, John Banseye taverner, John Galwaye, John de Bansey, John Storm, Walter de Fordham, John de Wendlyng, William Woderise, William Wade shipman, Simon de Buttele jr, John de Houton taverner, Batholomew Godalmyghtyn, and Roger de Reppes in 14 Edward III left Bishop's Lynn in a ship called The Welifare at their own cost to search ships hostile to the king and came upon the German ship called La Hulke loaded with Stockfish and oil and asked to search the ship, but killed 26 men when they refused. [7], [8], [9], [10] rcp

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  • M1343 A: John de Acherico de Portmar' merchant of Florence v. John de Curtenay abbot of Tavistock. Case on a debt recognition of 200 ps. [11] rcp
  • M1343 B: Executors of Bernard Pelegrim (Giles de Ispann' and John de Tolosa with the Abbot of Westminster and Brother Robert de Hamslap co-monk of the abbot, and Roger de Medefeld & Joan his wife) sued for execution of the debt recognizance of 38 ps. made by John Haward knight to Bernard Pelegrim. [12] rcp


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  • H1344 A: Yorkshire. Benjamin Skilmyn of Florence of York v. Walter Flemyng parson of Appleton in Rydale. Trespass jury summons. [13], [14] rcp
  • E1344 A: Oxfordshire. Nicholas Sperkyng de Westhamme v. Barald de Valentre de Florencia, Palmer Fraunceys de Florencia, James Fraunceys de Florencia, Joseph son of Robert Alisaun de Caldecote, John de Burgeys, and Thomas Stturdy. Trespass. No indication of merchant status. [15] rcp

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  • M1346 A: Lincolnshire. Ralph de Beke merchant of Germany v. Richard Thousandpoint of Boston jr, William de Houeden, John son of Lawrence and John son of Thomas de Boston. Trespass. [16]

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  • T1347 A: Middlesex.John Flotship de Coloyne v. Henekyn de Waryngham. Whereas John had recovered before the sheriffs of London against Francis Savage servant of the society of the Bardi by a bill of trespass 100 p.s., for which Francis was committed to Newgate and afterwards Francis was sent before king's bench where he produced a quitclaim from John, so that he was mainperned by Henekyn and others, but Henekyn did not appear. [17] rcp
  • M1347 A: Hunts. Conrad de Afflen' and Ralph Beek merchants of Germany v. William Bokeston and John Binlly collectors of wool granted to the king in the town of Huntingdon. Conditions for the collection of wool against foreign merchants. [18], [19], [20]; [21], [22], [23] rcp; mentioned in case in Exchequer in Trin 1352 (here name of one of the wool collectors is John de Bully) [24]SJ

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  • E1348 A: London. Two cases of trespass brought by Bartholomew Corsyn, merchant of Florence, one of them against Peter Gwerner, merchant of Florence. [25], [26], [27], [28]
  • E1348 B: Warwickshire. Thomas son of Thomas de Toltham of Coventry v. Henry Hengestenbert, Herman Werke, and Haukin Hildebrandsouthermanesservant. Trespass for breaking close at Coventry and taking a horse worth 40s and other goods worth 200p.s. (grains, silver cups etc., cloths, and household utensils). Plea of not guilty. Defendants claimed a jury, half of whom would be German merchants, under a charter of 31 Edward I, which grant was used under Edward II in Chancery in a case between Adam le Clerk de Lenne and John Scotrop, Bernard Flourkyn, Tydeman de Monasterio and many others, merchants of Germany. That liberty was granted also in 12 Edward III and on the roll of Hilary term 22 Edward III, m. 69. That kind of jury was granted, but followed by successive orders to summon such a jury, seemingly without much success. [29]
  • E1348 C:Middlesex, Somerset, Wiltshire. Hildebrand Sudermann merchant of Germany v. Ditmar Clippyng merchant of Germany and John Spicenagel merchant of Germany. Account. John de Hacthorn requested a half-alien merchant jury on behalf of the German merchants [30], [31] see also entry under M1350 (A) SJ
  • M1348 A: John Mareys v. Gerkyn Wangford, Fretheric Stowe, and Rotergus Grulle, merchants of Estland. The king appointed Mareys Ulnager, and Ulnager properly appointed Thomas Goldyng of Lynn as his deputy in Boston. The defendants impeded him from doing his duty. [32]
  • M1348 B: Yorkshire.William de Acastre of York v. Tidemann Spicenale, account. Jury in respite until quindene of Michaelmas when court received a close letter dated 20 Nov. 1348, citing the relevant passage of the Carta Mercatoria (or the 1334 privilege?) and instructing the justices to order the sheriff to summon a half German merchant jury because he had returned an all-denizen panel. [33] See also the year book report [34] SJ


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  • M1350 A: Lincolnshire. Hildebrand Suderman merchant of Germany & Tydeman Daleman merchant of Germany v. Ditmar Clippyng merchant of Germany, John Spicenagel merchant of Germany, and John Cromhous merchant of Germany. Trespass. [35], [36], [37], [38] rcp

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  • M1351 A: Phillip de Bares, Peter Ralph de Bardes, and Nicholas Marim merchants of the society of the Bardi acknowledge receipt of debts from the Abbot of Bruern. [39] rcp

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  • T1352 A: copy of Carta Mercatoria, mentioned in a note on the mid-fourteenth century copy held by the Stadtarchiv Dortmund [40][41] SJ
  • T1352 B: half-German merchant jury allowed after discussion with treasurer, chancellor, chief justice and justices from both benches. Case of Conrad de Afflen/Ralph de Beek (See M1347 A: Hunts) and other cases mentioned [42]SJ

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  • P1354 A: Sutht'. Tideman de Lemberg by attorney (John de Kegworth) v. John Crulle. Trespass. Mesne process only [43] SJ
  • M1354 A: London: Willelmus Thomas de Chepyng Norton v. Petrus Burson de Lumbardia, mercator, and Eustachius Maners. Trespass. Mesne process only [44] SJ, next entry [45] SJ
  • M1354 B: Yorkshire. Tidemann Smythous, mercator Alemanie by attorney v. Robert de Elvelay, Henry de Allerton de Kyngeston super Hull, Robert de Chesterfeld and Richard del Ker de Kyngeston super Hull. Action of debt of 12 pounds resp. 11 pounds (debtor Robert de Chesterfeld). Mesne process only [46]SJ

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  • M1356 A: Lincolnshire. Isabella Thousandpond of Boston v. Haukin de Louth of Boston, Lambert de Borkyn, and Berthol de Munster merchants of Germany. Trespass breach of close and taking of goods worth 10 ps. Provision concerning inquests involving foreign merchants. [47] rcp

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  • E1357 A: Hampshire. Conrad de Afflen' merchant of Germany (qui tam) v. John Wetegod mayor of Southampton and Thomas Bagg' bailiff of Southampton. Contempt and trespass. [48] rcp

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  • T1360 A: Sussex. Rex v. Hugh de Ficullys Lumbard and Robert Hughprest de Ficullys. Simon Lillyng and Robert Daunsere were the deputies of the chief taxers and assessors of the tenth and fifteenth in Sussex (Richard de Hurst, John de Weynyld, Henry de Fauconer de Muchel Grove, and Thomas de Whelton) to levy and collect from the men of Apsele; they took certain of Hugh's animals for the 40d pertaining to him and wanted to detain them until they were satisfied of that sum. Hugh and Robert fulminated excommunications against the subtaxers and subcollectors openly and notoriously in front of the church. Plea of not guilty. [49], [50], [51], [52], [53] rcp

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  • T1362 A: John de Brugge Fleming and others from Flanders: allegedly cooperating in illegal exportation of wool from Yorkshire. [54], [55], [56] rcp

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  • M1363 A: London. Frater Galfredus de Lymona, magister hospitalis sancti Antonii in Anglie v. Nicholaus Negrebon. Trespass. Jury summoned but no indication that half alien jury was requested. KB 27/412 m 23 [57] But see KB 146/2/37/4 where a royal letter written on 30 Oct. 1363 to the KB justices is filed ordering such a jury, based on Carta Mercatoria. SJ

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  • M1427: Middlesex: Bill of Middlesex for robbery brought by Thomas Lincoln v. Godefredus Ducheman, jury half indigenis/half alienigenis (no idenification of country or region). [58] SJ

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  • M1435: London: John Aleyn, citizen and mercer of London v. Benedict Boromeis, merchant of Florence, debt on bond (£40) [59] SJ

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  • H1454 A: London. Bill of custody for trespass brought by Thomas Frye against Sanctus Trone, formerly of London, merchant, later identified as being an Italian merchant and therefore demanding a half-Italian jury. Sheriff returned panel which did not indicate which of the jurors were aliens which leads to a new venire facias writ being issued. [60], [61] SJ
  • H1454 B: Middlesex. Bill of custody for debt brought by Stephen Brown, alderman and grocer of London v. Andronicus Effamato,(interlined: grecum), later identified as from Greece (which Stephen could not deny) and therefore requesting a half-greek jury. Sheriff returned panel with 12 natives because he could not find any Greeks in his bailiwick, decem tales tam milites etc. de indigenis neutri parti. KB 27/789 m 29d [62] SJ

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  • T1456 A: Middlesex: Bill of Middlesex for trespass brought by Abbot of Westminster v. Andreas Effamat,later identified as from Greece. Sheriff returned an all-English jury because he could not find any Greeks in his bailiwick. Jury found Andreas guilty: KB 27/781 m 93d [63] SJ
  • T1456 B: Middlesex: Bill of custody for debt by James de Farrar', citizen and grocer of London, v. Andreas Ebomath, vintner of Westminster, later identified as from Greece, asking for a half-Greek jury [64] SJ
  • T1456 C: Middlesex: Bill of custody for debt by David Selly, merchant, v. Andreas Effamat, goldwiredrawer of Westminster, later identified as from Greece, asking for a half-Greek jury: KB 27/781 m 109 [65] Jury panel in KB 146/6/34/4 SJ
  • T1456 D: London. Thomas Walrond v. Fredericus de Noffre, of London, merchant. Trespass.[66],[67], actually an Italian merchant and as such identified on a jury panel (see KB146/6/35/1) SJ

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  • M1463 A: London: John Warendrop, German merchant v Thomas Prese, skinner of London. Debt on bond £13 2s 8d. Dies interloquendi. [68]continuation in [69] SJ
  • M1463 B: London: John Warendrop, German merchant v John Arnold, letherseller of London. Debt £13 2s 8d. Dies interloquendi [70]continuation, jury found for Warendrop [71][72] SJ
  • M1463 C: Southampton: John Payn, citizen of Southampton v. Philip Cyny, merchant of Venice. Debt [73][74] SJ

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  • H1464 A: Midd. John Salmer & John Loire, merchants of Dinant in Almaigne v. Richard Boscawen & John Mitchell jun., merchants, debt. Mesne process only [75]SJ
  • H1464 B: Midd. Henry Nederhose, German merchant v Hugo Clyderbowe, Kingston-upon-Themse, merchant. Debt. Mesne process only [76] SJ
  • P1464 A: London. Bartholomeus Shiatis, merchant of Lucca, v William Erle, Westmourne, Sussex, DEBT £10. Mesne process only [77] SJ
  • P1464 B: London. Hennyng Groter, Harman Sworte, Folmer Noppensteth, Reginals Hese, Diricus Saltwedyr, Hansa Theutonica allemanie mercatores v. Richard Sutton, formerly of Boston, merchant et al. Debt, mesne process only [78]SJ

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  • T1476 A: Vacat entry (no explanation given). Hermann Stale, beer brewer of London as defendant, no identification as an alien and request for half-alien jury was made, but sheriff nevertheless instructed to summon a half-tongue jury (de lingua de theotonica): KB 27/860 m 26 [79] SJ

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  • M1477 A: London. Frank van der Burgh v. William Grey. Bill of custody for detinue. Frank identified himself as being an alien, born in Cologne and requesting (and getting) a half-tongue jury (de lingua sua). KB 27/865 m 100 [80] SJ

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  • P1478 A: Middlesex. Stephen Eburton v. John de Salvo, merchant of Genua. Bill of custody for debt. John identified himself as being an alien and born in Genua, requesting a half-alien jury according to the statute (of 1354. Venire facias for a half-tongue jury (... lingue Januensis). KB 27/876 m 72 [81],[82] SJ

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  • M1489 A. Surrey. Robert Bradshawe v. Franciscus Savage, Laurencius Lomelyn and Franciscus Cateyn, all formerly of London, merchants. Breaking of close. Half-Genuese jury requested with reference to statute of 1354 but later found that venire facias was issued in error. New venire facias issued to summon half-Italian jury: CP40/910 m 456, continued in CP40/914 mm 252-252d, the latter refered to in Baker, Oxford History of the Laws of England, p. 354n32 with wrong membrane number [83][84][85] [86][87] SJ

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  • E1530 A: Error. Common pleas (17 Henry VIII). Debt. Jasper de Ponte and Bernard Gavetto administrators of James de Ponte merchant of Genoa and Thomas Parker and Mary his wife coadministrator and late the widow of James de Ponte v. Peter Eggecombe of Stonehouse, Devon, knight and Katherine his wife coadministrator of Janetta ap Thomas de Carmarden in the March of Wales widow late the wife of Rise ap Thomas knight of the goods and chattels that were of Gryffyth ap Rise knight. [88] rcp
  • E1530 B: London. William Mounslowe citizen and mercer of London v. Casanus Spynula merchant of Genoa. Debt of 5 p.s. [89] rcp
  • E1530 C: London. Christopher Carcano merchant of Milan v. Cazanus Spinula merchant of Genoa. Debt of 5 p.s. 6s6d. [90] rcp
  • M1530 A: London. Martin de Guynea merchant of Spain v. Walter Webe citizen and grocer of London. Debt for 10 p.s. [91] rcp
  • M1530 B: London. Diego de Arbieto merchant of Spain v. Walter Webbe citizen and grocer of London. Debt for 19 p.s. [92] rcp

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