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GUIDELINES This site allows non-lexicographers to aid the specialists in elaborating the history of English words and names.

Non-lexicographers provide the raw data and why the example may be relevant: words with links to the AALT with the apparent relevant entry in the OED [www.oed.com], along with as much more information as they are willing to give. The necessary elements are WORD, DATE, QUOTATION, OED entry referenced and relation to that entry, DOCUMENT link, county margination, and series. You may include also the Middle English form or Anglo-Norman form if you want. This entry is just raw data and NOT a statement that the word is properly identified.

TEMPLATE (In edit mode, copy and paste the template; delete elements not included, write over necessary elements):

Bugle (OED bugle, MED bugle, AND bugle): 1318. KB27. Surrey. tria cornua, que vocantur bugles. Early use by OED, could be French. [1]

Lexicographers and similar specialists may assess the raw data using the format of bullet points beneath the raw data entry. The raw data may be added to or edited, but not completely removed. Raw data that was misidentified should remain to assist others who want to enter data. The lexicographical assessment bullets should confirm the identification or supply a different identification and indicate whether the word is too common (“No more needed”), only earlier examples are desirable (“Only earlier needed”) or any further examples are desirable (“More needed”). If the material is carried over to a dictionary, that should likewise be indicated. Disagreement with the assessment can be indicated in a second bullet etc.


  • Proper identification. More needed.

You are encouraged to provide more information from the Middle English Dictionary [2], the Anglo-Norman Dictionary [www.anglo-norman.net], P.H. Reaney and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames ed. 3 (1991), G. Fransson, Middle English Surnames of Occupation 1100-1350 (1935), or B. Thuresson, Middle English Occupational Terms (1950).


Falgate: 1590. Suffolk. unam januam vocatam a falgate ipsius Alexandri ad valenciam sex solidorum. OED does not have. [3] rcp 04/12

Falyes: 1590. London. unam peciam panni linei vocati West Fallyes. OED seems not to have. [4] rcp 04/12

Fethermonger: 1342. Thomam le Fethermonger. OED has earliest 1599. [5] rcp 11/12

Fermery: 1342. Surrey/Kent. per Johannem de la Fermery. OED has earliest 1377. [6] rcp 11/12

Ferthelord: 1319. Ascelinus Ferthelord.  ? [7]

Feryman: 1319. Willelmus Feryman. OED earliest usage is 1464. [8]; 1344. Yorkshire. Willelmo Feryman de Wymbeton. [9] rcp 03/12

Feterloke: 1345. Northamptonshire/Sussex. unam sereram vocatam feterloke precii iij d. [10] rcp 03/12

Fishmonger: 1320. Thomam Wrenne fishmongere. Norfolk. OED earliest usage is 1464. [11] Freshfishmongere: 1347. Robertus de Rameseye freshfishmonger London'. [12] rcp 03/12

Fithlere: 1342. Yorkshire. Emma que fuit uxor Roberti le Fithlere. [13] rcp 11/12

Flatte pece: 1463. Middlesex. quatuordecim crateris de argento vocatis flatte pecis. [14] rcp 02/12. 1530. London. unam cratheram vocatam flate pece de argento. OED has in 1422-3 and 1530. [15] rcp

Fleshacker: 1346. Somerset. Robertum le Fleshacker. OED does not have; earliest use there of "hacker" for a person in 1620, for an implement, 1481. [16] rcp

Fleshewere: 1319. Johannem filium Ade le Fleshewere. OED earlist usage is 1339. [17]

Fletcher: 1342. Lincolnshire. Johannem de Baumburgh fletcher. OED has earliet 1457. [18] rcp 11/12

Floundres: 1346. Kent. piscem inde videlicet floundres, smeltes, shrympes, et anguillas. OED has earliest 1450. [19] rcp

Flourman: 1346. Willelmum Flourman de Stratford atte Bowe. OED has earliest 1743. [20] rcp 04/12

Floutere: 1343. Warwickshire. Rogero le Floutere. OED has earliest 1400. [21] rcp

Fraunkeleyn: 1319. Ricardum Fraunkeleyn. OED earliest usage is 1297; this would be second. [22]

Frith: 1319. Ricardus Inthe Frith clericus. Not early for OED, but perhaps helpful for meaning. [23]

Fughler: 1319. Walterum le Fughler.  ? [24]

Furbur: 1319. Simonem le Furbur. French? but even then early for OED. [25]

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