Tax Collection

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E1303 A: Question of reasonable distraint for collection. William de Sadington v. John de Flamstede & Robert de Caverswell. [1]

T1306 A: Abbot of Tichfield v. Thomas le Ray, Thomas Whyting, John Sygar, Henry le Ray, Richard le Porter & Robert Blaunchard assessors and collectors of tallage in the town of Southampton. Abbot claimed that he and his tenants should be free of tallage, and king ordered the tallage taken already to be returned. [2]

M1307 A: Obstruction of collection of king's custom on goods brought to Great Yarmouth and unloaded at Lothingland. Rex v. Henry Rose, William Fastolf, William de Goseford, Henry de Larayton, Robert Elys, Thomas Fastolf, Richard Randolf, John Fastolf, John Aleyn, Roger Ganel, Nicholas Eshman, Robert de Benerleye, Phillip and James his brothers, Robert son of Isabella de Drayton, Robert son of Petronilla de Drayton, Godfrey de Ludeham, William his son, William de Drayton, Geoffrey and Nicholas his brothers, Richard son Alexander Fastolf, John and William his brothers, John son of William Fastolf, Henry Randolf, Richard de Somerton, John his brother, Robert de Barge, Richard Reymund, Geoffrey atte Chirche, Richard de Carleton, William Brockyng, Geoffrey Miles, Simon Heynes, John Charles, John Rose, Richard Anktil, Thomas Prentiz, John de Haneworth, Robert de Haneweg de Brundale, Henry his son, Nicholas Clipping, Roger Lullay, Benedict le Shipwright, Roger le Wh(ite?), Walter le Whyte, John de Fordelee, Henry Noteman, Milo his son, Thomas Sterling, Thomas Sydeham, William de Forseye, Henry de FOrseye, William Ganel, William de Lincoln, John Perbrun, William de Pollesby, Reginald Eshman, William le Poter, Nicholas son of James le Poter, Herman le Bretun, William Wildeges, Stephen Hardman, Richard de Lincoln, Henry le Clerk, and John son of Alexander de Fery. [3]; [4]


E1309 B: Collectors of the Fifteenth. Abbot of Burton upon Trent v. Thomas son of Phillip and John le Keu. Trespass: distraint by beasts of the plow. Thomas and John justify as collectors of the fifteenth at Austrey, Warwickshire. The abbot had been taxed for his lands and chattels at Austrey at 1m; as collectors they took and imparked the beast of Thomas Fraunceys a villain of the abbot. The verdict was that they could have found other distraint than a beast of the plow. [5]

T1309 A: Whether certain manors are talliagble with the body of the county or with the liberty of Pevensey. Sussex. [6]; [7]

T1309 B: Whether the manor of Wy of Battle Abbey was talliagable along with the Five Ports. [8]

H1312 A: Prior of Mickleham v. Simon de Hydenye bailiff of Pevensea, John de Remethyng, William Aleman, John de Glynleye, John Russell fisher of Pevensea, Nicholas Wygge de Horsye, & John Molyn collectors of talliages and collections within the liberty. Whether the lands of the prior are to be taxed in the body of the county or with the liberty. [9]

H1312 B: Abbot of Grestein v. Simon de Hydenye bailiff of Pevensea, John de Remethyng, William Aleman, John de Glynleye, John Russell fisher of Pevensea, Nicholas Wygge de Horsye, & John Molyn collectors of talliages and collections within the liberty. Whether the lands of the prior are to be taxed in the body of the county or with the liberty. [10]

H1312 C: Prior of Lewes v. Simon de Hydenye bailiff of Pevensea, John de Remethyng, William Aleman, John de Glynleye, John Russell fisher of Pevensea, Nicholas Wygge de Horsye, & John Molyn collectors of talliages and collections within the liberty. Whether the lands of the prior are to be taxed in the body of the county or with the liberty. [11]

H1317 A: Rex v. Prior of Montacute. Prosecution for shipping money out of England for papal taxation. [12]


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  • H1334 A: Yorkshire. Presented that John de Ellerker late collector of the ninth granted the king did not account to the exchequer for the 20s received from Master William de la Mar for the assessment against the prebend of Fenton, so that Thomas de York and companions to whom it was committed to levy and pay that ninth were often distrainedby William de Scargill and companions collectors. [13] rcp
  • E1344 A: Surrey. Robert Swote v. Richard Fayrhere and Robert Bayllyf. Trespass: taking of a horse worth 40s in 1344. Defendants answered as deputies of John de Hayton principal collector of wool granted to the king; they took the horse because Swote refused to pay 4 stones of wool of the 9 stones at which he was assessed. [14] rcp

H1347A: John de Beseby v. Gilbert de Ulseby and Gilbert le Wydousone. Lincolnshire. Trespass for taking of oxen worth 40s at Beseby by Maltby. They plead that John de Bayous knight and Phillip de Neville knights were the chief collectors of the fifteenth in Lindsey; they assigned Gilbert and Gilbert to collect in Beseby Plaintiff was assessed at 6s6d for grain growing on his land and other goods. The assessment was in arrears, so they took the oxen. Issue joined. [15] rcp

T1347 A: Kent. Rex v. John de Frendestede and Henry de Scurreye receivers of wool in Kent for the mis-weighing of wool in the collection. [16] rcp

M1347 A: Kent. Corruption in the collection of wool due the king in Canterbury. [17] rcp

H1348 A: Hunts. Conrad de Afflen' and Ralph Beek merchants of Germany v. William Bokeston and John Binlly collectors of wool granted to the king in the town of Huntingdon. Conditions for the collection of wool against foreign merchants. [18], [19], [20] rcp

H1348 B: Norfolk. John de Wesenham and Rex v. Robert de Langeton and William Malewyn collectors of king's customs in King's Lynn. Taking customs contrary to the ordinance absolving John and others of such customs. [21] rcp

H1348 C: Essex. Thomas son of William le Chapman de Maldon v. Peter le Palmer de Maldon, Ralph le Palmer de Maldon, and John Pulloke de Maldon. Trespass assault; Ralph defends as a subcollector of the wool granted to the king acting on the basis on an assessment. [22]; [23]

H1348 D: Norfolk. Robert de Bumpstede v. Henry de Stratton pelter and Gervase de Derham. Trespass: taking of a cart and three horses in Hengham. Defendants pleaded that one John Howard and others were commissioned by the king to be chief collectors of the tenth granted to the king in Norwich. They assigned Henry and Gervase to be their subcollectors and to distrain those who were in arrears. Robert was arrear in two marks for his goods in the leet of Wymer, so they distrained him. Jury summoned. [24]

T1348 A: Oxfordshire. Richard le Poure v. Nicholas atte Halle, Nicholas Fraunkeleyn, and William Laurence. Trespass: taking a draft animal and two cows worth 60s at Bourton. Defendants pleaded that they as commissioned collectors of wool took as distraint. [25]

T1348 B: Northamptonshire. The king had assigned Thomas de Bucketon and John de Ashton to collect the tenth and fifteenth in Northamptonshire; they by William Olyver had distrained certain animals of John atte Well at Brampton for payments of the fifteenth assessed but not paid. John rescued the animals. [26], [27] rcp

T1348 C: Oxfordshire. Master William de Leverton master of the hospital of St Bartholomew of the Lepers outside the East Gate of Oxford v. Richard Nicole, John atte Stile, John Gilbard, Richard de Eye, and Henry Cokke. Trespass: taking of four horses at Church Covele. Most defendants just pleaded not guilty, but Nicole confessed to the taking of one horse. The king had been granted a thousand sacks of wool. Nicole had been deputed to collect the wool in Church Covele and had distrained the master for his assessment unpaid. [28]

M1348 A: Yorkshire. Presentment that the Prior of Bridlington had not paid his portion of the fifteenth. [29]. Same for Prior of Haltemprise. [30]

M1348 B: Yorkshire. Presentment that Robert Forester of Wistow, collector of the fifteenth in Wistow, collected more than the sum due for the fifteenth from Wistow and for his own use. [31]

M1348 C: Yorkshire. Presentment that Thomas de Sherford, constable of Middlethorpe, for ten years had not paid towar the fifteenth. [32]

M1348 D: Yorkshire. Presentment of non-payment of tax along with the laity by the abbot of Jervaulx on lands given the abbey for the foundation of a chantry. [33]

M1348 E: Yorkshire. Found by jury that Thomas de Leuesham, receiver of the king's wool in the North Riding, took the king's wool in various places in the North Riding for himself. [34]

M1348 F: Yorkshire. Found by jury that Thomas Lovel late bailiff of the liberty of Blessed Mary of Bootham had distrained the men of Bootham for the 40s assessedfor the 10th and 15th although he knew that the assessment had already been paid to the prior bailiffs, John de Harrum and Richard Fader. [35]

M1348 G: Yorkshire. Found by jury that William de Rychemund of York servant of the collectors of wools in the North Riding in 12 Edward III took wool by extortion from Boroughbridge and other places. [36]

M1348 H: Berkshire. Richard Tholy de Sutton Courtenay and William Wyke subtaxers and collectors of the fifteenth in Sutton Courtenay (qui tam) v. William son of Walter atte Hyde de Denchesworth. Contempt and trespass. [37]

M1348 I: Yorkshire. Presented that the abbot of Selby was not contributing to the fifteenth for lands in Drax or to the wool; he maintained that he paid along with the clergy. [38] rcp; [39] rcp

M1348 J: Yorkshire. Found that Henry Goldbetere of York was assigned by royal commission to take wool to the king's use in the wappentake of Agbrigg in 11 Edward III. His servants took from John de Shellegh four stones of wool worth 16s and 12d of silver by extorsion and gave nothing to John concerning the wool. The servants also took 40d from Henry chaplain at Almanbury by extorsion. And they took from a merchant of Pontefract a sack and a half of wool worth 9 marks a sack and resold it to the merchant. And they seized wool in various places in the wappentake and for delivery of the money they took 20s and more to the oppression of the people. [40]

M1348 K: Yorkshire. Found by jury: Adam del Walle son of Adam del Walle of Appletrewick, scheming to undermine the king's provision of wool, went from town to town and market to market buying wool and thus was guilty of forestalling. [41] rcp

M1348 L: Yorkshire. Found by jury: William del Brenhous de Maborn was subcollector of wool granted to the king and deputy of Walter de Percehay and John Moryn chief collectors; he collected wool from the liberty of Richmond by excessive weight (for each stone a stone of sixteen pounds) to the great oppression of the people in 12 Edward III. He thus extorted 14 p.s. 16s. 6d (further detail in enrollment.) [42] rcp

H1349 A: Yorkshire. Presented that Nicholas Warde of Bubwith each year of the reign of Edward III detained 12d or 6d of the portion of the fifteenth that he owed and did not want to send his cattle to be taxed equally with those of his neighbors, but rather he made the collectors distrain other men for the whole fifteenth due from Bubwith. [43]

H1349 B: Yorkshire. Presented that John Frere of Doncaster took by extortion from the town of Conisbrough 12d and from the town of Braithwell 12d for acquitances and so from all the towns (12d) of the wapentakes of Strafford and Tickhill while he was collector of the fifteenth for the four years last past; the sum amounts to 40 p.s. And he and his servants took from each town of Strafford 6d to his own use beyond the taxation, for a further sum of 10 p.s. [44] rcp

H1349 C: Yorkshire. Presented that every time the town of Ebreston was burdened with royal taxation (that is, for a fifteenth, 100s), Robert de Scardeburgh knight, who is a tenant of a part of the town should have paid his portion of 6s or 7s, but paid nothing. [45]

H1349 D:Yorkshire. Presented that The king was granted wool in Yorkshire. He sold it to John de Wesenham, who established as his deputies in the county Richard de Salteby de Grantham, John de Acom of York, Henry de Brisselay of Hull, Richard Barry of York, and John Putt of London. They examined minutely the wool brought to them and declared that wool unacceptable and refused to take any of it, but took for each stone of wool either 4s8d or 5s. Then they bought the wool for 2s or 30d a stone, to wit, in Poppleton, Acom, Askham and from the towns throughout Yorkshire, by extortion, to the impoverishment of the people of 500 p.s. A jury finds Salteby, Acom, Richard Barry not guilty. [46]

H1349 E: Yorkshire. Presented that William de Scargill taxer of the fifteenth took from each town in the West Riding 12d for a complete acquittance. [47], [48] rcp

H1349 F: Northamptonshire. William de Sibford (qui tam) v. Phillip Malesors de Midelson. The mayor and bailiffs of Northampton had assigned William to collect and levy the tenth granted the king from the goods of the burgesses. He wanted to collect from Phillip, but Phillip together with John de Lungeville jrand John Everard jr impeded him on 19 April 1346 so that he was less able to collect from Phillip and others and assault and beat him so that he feared for his life. Jury summoned. [49] rcp

E1349 A: Yorkshire. Presented that William Gramary knight one of the collectors of wool in the West Riding of Yorkshire by false weights took more wool than was due. [50]

E1349 B: Yorkshire. Presented that Edmund Daveranges knight a collector of the reasonable aid granted the king in the East Riding of Yorkshire took 12d for an acquittance from each town. [51] rcp

E1349 C: Yorkshire. Presented that John Frere was a collector of the fifteenth for six years and took from the king for his work 10 marks each year and from the towns for each acquittance 6d, a total exceeding 20 p.s. yearly; and he paid nothing in those six years to the lord king for his portion, whereas he should have paid 20s annually. [52]

E1349 D: Lincolnshire. Presented that Walter de Stanreth acquired the manor of Cavewyke, for which he was assessed 15s 6d toward the fifteenth (which he paid) and that afterwards he was assessed at 8 stones 2 and a quarter pounds of wool toward the wood granted to the king. Walter did not want to pay the wool. He confederated with Thomas de Loversale, Martin Swaynesone de Cavewyke, and Nicholas servant of Walter at Lincoln in 1348. They procured a certain Walter de Harewell (king's serjeant at arms assigned to be intendant to the merchants who had the wool} to attach, arrest, and imprison Walter de Calderby and John de Whyton sr by imputing them to be rebels and that they ought to pay half of the wool at which Walter de Stanreth had been assessed. So Calderby and Whyton were imprisoned until the paid, unjustly, four stones of wool in exoneration of Walter de Stanreth. Jury affirms that he refused to pay four stones of wool. [53] rcp

E1349 E: Lincolnshire. Henry Moriel v. John son of Robert of Great Steeping and Ralph Cay of Great Steeping. Trespass for the taking of two oxen worth 40s in 1348. Defendants pleaded that the king had appointed Phillip de Nevill knight and John de Hundon collectors of the fifteenth in Lindsey in 1348; they made John son of Robert their deputy in Great Steeping. Great Steeping owed 4p.s., 16s, 8d. Henry was assessed at 4s7d but refused to pay. John therefore distrained him by the two oxen until he would pay. [54] rcp

M1349 A: Somerset. John Marreys (qui tam) v. John Baltisberwe, Reginald le Frensh, William Betisleye, John de Wryngton, Robert Sandres touker, John Howes, William Everard, Walter Cobbe, Nicholas Fret, Matthew Seward, John Osbern, Robert de Cheddre, Thomas Roules de Frome (dead), Walter Doukirton de Frome, John Evelot de Shipton Malet (dead), Adam de Myteford (dead), John de Sutton warden of the fairs of Priddy (dead), John Roper de Welles (dead), John Blanket de Bristol, Edmund Blanket de Bristol, John de Wodelond de Baa (dead), and William Cubel de Baa (dead). The king committed the office of ulnager of cloths to John Marreys. The defendants impeded Marreys from carrying out his duties in Priddy, assaulted him, took his royal patents the seal of his office, and thus obtained 54 florins of nobles in the custody of Robert de Gloucester. [55]

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H1350 A: Lincolnshire. Presentment concerning whether the Abbot of Peterborough should pay taxes for his lands in Gosberkirk with the clergy or the laity; to be determined by whether the lands in question had been acquired before or after 20 Edward I. [56]

H1350 B: Lincolnshire. Presentment concerning whether the Abbot of Swineshead should pay taxes for his lands in Gosberkirk with the clergy or with the laity; to be determined by whether the lands in question had been acquired before or after 20 Edward I. [57]

H1350 C: Middlesex. In M1349 it was presented that John le Bakere a collector of the fifteenth in the town of Tottenham in 1348 levied 7 p.s. for the king but kept the money. He pleaded that he and John de Rudham had been deputed by John de Bristowe and Alan atte Mounte chief collectors of the fifteenth and that he and Rudham had collected 7 p.s. 3s11d and turned the money over to the chief collectors. Acquitted by jury verdict. [58]rcp

E1350 A: Norfolk. Rex v. John de Brunham parson of Dalling late collector and assessor of the ninth for certain excesses and wrongs. [59] rcp

H1351 A: London. John Marreys (qui tam) v. Edmund, prior of St Bartholomew of Smithfield, London. The king had made Marreys ulnager and generally (it would seem) in charge of all matters concerning various cloths (specifically listed) and prohibited anyone from impeding him, but the prior ignored the prohibitions and collected fines for himself at Smithfield Market. [60] rcp

H1351 B: Somerset. John Marreys (qui tam) and his deputy in Somerset Robert de Gloucester v. John Gardiner, Robert Saundres, Henry Durell, Elyas Boke, John Catbury, Alexander Mois, Stephen Lyndraper, Thomas de Deryngton, Richard Chapman, John Broke merchant, Thomas de Malmesbury, William Hulle, Will Cosfard (dead), John Richard, John Osebon, John Houwes, Robert de Farnberewe, William Banynton de Colleye, Simon le Yonge, William Everard, Adam Feyrehok (dead), Robert Cropunhull de Pemlisworth, John Perrour, William Gurdlare, Adam Draper de Exeter, Martin Gist, John Gist, Thomas Juhyne de Pendelisworth. Impeded the deputy of the ulnager at Priddy in 1349. [61], [62] rcp

E1351 A: Kent. John de Cosyngton sr v. Richard Wygard de Gillyngham, Robert Holdegrym, and John Joce. Trespass taking of 240 sheep worth 20 marks at Lidsing in 1350. Defendants pleaded that Cosyngton was assessed at 6s8d to be paid to the king "pro itinere in comitatu Kantie." They as the subcollectors for Lidsing arrested the sheep of Cosyington, who had refused to pay. [63] rcp

E1351 B: Kent. William Freynshe v. Thomas Harpour and John Jolyf. Trespass for taking goods in Canterbury in 1350. Defendants pleaded that William was assessed at 13s4d "pro itinere in comitatu Kantie" for his goods and chattels in Canterbury. He refused to pay so they as subcollectors arrested the goods. [64] rcp

E1351 C: Kent. Roger de Grofherst v. Thomas le Veer, William Shobery, John Stoustrete, Richard Wodeford, and Weynand Dacy. Trespass breach of close and taking of goods (grains) and assault of servants at Newchurch. Veer pleaded that the king assigned him to collect grain and victuals for the king. The others said that they were constables there and Veer ordered and at Veer's order came to aid him. [65] rcp

T1351 A: Buckinghamshire. John son of Robert atte Bury v. William atte Bury, John de Bergh, Alice who was the wife of Henry Baudewyne, William son of John Gernald, and William Ernald. Novel disseisin. Plea that the land were taken properly for collection of the fifteenth and tenth.; John atte Berge was one of the collectors in Buckinghamshire. [66] rcp

M1351 A: Essex. Presented that Ralph, bishop of London has stopped paying the fifteenth for the manor of Copford as he used to do. [67] rcp

M1351 B: Essex. John de Vanwrithe v. John Mounpelers de Writtle. Trespass: assault in 1351 while Vanwrithe was a subcollector of the fifteenth in Writtle. Guilty by verdict. Justices add to the damages. [68] rcp

M1351 C: Essex. Presented that the Prior of Colne holds a tenement in White Colne that used to pay the fifteenth, but he has stopped. [69] rcp

M1351 D: Essex. Presented that the Abbot of St John, Colchester held a manor called Gosebekkes in the town of Stanway that was accustomed to pay the fifteenth but the abbot has stopped. [70] rcp

T1352 A: Warwickshire. Presented that Roger de Tachbrook now bishop of Chester refused to pay the fifteenth for his lands in Tachbrook as bishops of Chester always had. [71] rcp

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1560: Queen’s Remembrancer. 1560 November 21. Whereas there hath been controversy betwixt Michael Meyde, high collector of the second 20th and 10th granted by the laity to the queen’s highness in the first year of her highness’ reign in the county of Hertford, and diverse constables of diverse parishes and towns within the same county for the fall of money gathered by the constables of the inhabitants of the same county before the proclamation of the fall of the money by reason of his precept to them created, upon the hearing of the same matter in the queen’s highness’ court of the exchequer at Westminster and deliberate consideration therein had, it is ordered the day and year above said that so many of the constables of that same shire as had warning by the space of fifteen days by the said collector’s precept to gather and pay their money due for the same to the said collector at a certain time and place contained in the said precept before the said proclamation and did not observe their time and place and paid their money accordingly should pay the whole money due by the inhabitants, whereas they was or be constables or other officers for that purpose according and after the rate as money is now current, and that so many of the constables or other officers for that purpose appointed as did observe their time and place according to their precept and then and there ready to pay their money, the said high collector to receive the said money as money was then current, so that it be duly purveyed to be the same money the said constable or constables or other persons received of the inhabitants whereas they was constables or other officers. (Michael Meade, of Ware, Hertfordshire, was high tax collector for Hertfordshire. There was much inflation in the 1540s and 1550s, and the currency was revalued in 1559-60. This caused confusion about the proper amount to be paid for the lay subsidy. So the Court of the Exchequer decreed that anyone who had already paid would be charged at the old rate, while those who hadn’t paid would be charged at the new rate.) [72]


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