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GUIDELINES This site allows non-lexicographers to aid the specialists in elaborating the history of English words and names.

Non-lexicographers provide the raw data and why the example may be relevant: words with links to the AALT with the apparent relevant entry in the OED [www.oed.com], along with as much more information as they are willing to give. The necessary elements are WORD, DATE, QUOTATION, OED entry referenced and relation to that entry, DOCUMENT link, county margination, and series. You may include also the Middle English form or Anglo-Norman form if you want. This entry is just raw data and NOT a statement that the word is properly identified.

TEMPLATE (In edit mode, copy and paste the template; delete elements not included, write over necessary elements):

Bugle (OED bugle, MED bugle, AND bugle): 1318. KB27. Surrey. tria cornua, que vocantur bugles. Early use by OED, could be French. [1]

Lexicographers and similar specialists may assess the raw data using the format of bullet points beneath the raw data entry. The raw data may be added to or edited, but not completely removed. Raw data that was misidentified should remain to assist others who want to enter data. The lexicographical assessment bullets should confirm the identification or supply a different identification and indicate whether the word is too common (“No more needed”), only earlier examples are desirable (“Only earlier needed”) or any further examples are desirable (“More needed”). If the material is carried over to a dictionary, that should likewise be indicated. Disagreement with the assessment can be indicated in a second bullet etc.


  • Proper identification. More needed.

You are encouraged to provide more information from the Middle English Dictionary [2], the Anglo-Norman Dictionary [www.anglo-norman.net], P.H. Reaney and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames ed. 3 (1991), G. Fransson, Middle English Surnames of Occupation 1100-1350 (1935), or B. Thuresson, Middle English Occupational Terms (1950).


Haggere: 1345. Robertum Blondel haggere et Margaretam uxorem eius. Not found in OED. [3] rcp 03/12

Hakeneyman: 1360. Kent. Johannem Lamb de Cantuar' hakeneyman. OED has earliest 1362. [4] rcp 03/13

Hakkere: 1358. Waltero le Habbere juniori. OED has earliest 1620. [5] rcp 12/12

Hakebote: 1353. London. ducens eum ad quandam navem vocatam Hakebote iuxta villam de Feversham. Not in OED; "Hake" combinations seem to be only in the nineteenth century.

Hakeneyman: 1347. Cambridgeshire. Galfridum le Hakeneyman. OED has earliest 1362. [6] rcp 02/12

Hallgarth: 1342. Yorkshire. Beatricem in the Halgarth. OED has "garth" around 1340. [7] rcp

Hambrowe: 1590. London. duodecim unlas panni linei vocati browne hambrowe. OED does not seem to have. [8] rcp 04/12

Handax: 1359. Norfolk. cum quadam tela vocata handax. OED has only earlier in 1297 and 1300. [9] rcp 03/13

Hanger: 1530. Dorset. cum uno cultello vocato le hanger precii xvi denariorum. OED has references back to 1481. [10] rcp 02/12

Harefot: 1319. Willelmus Harefot. OED earliest usage is 1410. [11]

Hasted: 1267. Kent. Richard de Hasted. [12]

Hatter: 1345. Lincolnshire. Johannes Tayllour hattere de Pereleye. [13]. 1347. London. Aliciam filiam Johannis le Hattere. OED has earliest 1389. [14] rcp

Heyward: 1345. Gloucestershire. Johannem le Heyward. OED has only earlier example in 1225. [15] rcp 03/12

Hobbe othe more: 1344. Yorkshire. ventrem eiusdem Anabille aparuisset et infantem vivum extraxisset et super moram ibidem proiecisset vocans ipsum Hobbe othe more. OED does not have. [16] rcp 03/12

Hokester: 1314. Suffolk. John le Hukstere [17] SJ; 1315. Suffolk. John le Hokestore [18] SB; 1342. Bedfordshire. Margeriam le Hokester de Dunstaple. OED has earliest 1300, but infrequent. [19] rcp 11/12

hore: 1453. Middlesex. Margery wife of John Henry described as a 'strong hore' by Agnes wife of Walter of Fairstede [20]SB 10/17

Hors bred: 1530. London. de viginti duodenis panis equini vocati hors bred ad vendendum. OED has earliest 1467, then 1540. [21] rcp 02/12

Horshirde: 1315. Linc'. Ralph le Horshirde of Bardeney [22] SB

Horsemylle: 1461. London. a horsmyll [23] SB; 1469. Northamptonshire. unum molendinum equum vocatum a horse millen [24] SJ - 1530. Hertfordshire. unum molendinum vocatum a horsemylle. OED earliest is 1530. [25] rcp 02/12

Hosiere: 1319. Baionem Le Hosiere. OED earliest usage is 1403. [26]; 1345. Simonem Hosyere. [27] rcp 03/12

Hosteler: 1345. Adam de Kent hosteler. OED has only earlier exammple in 1300. [28] rcp 03/12

Huswif: 1530. London. retinuisset ipsam Marionam ad deserviendum eidem Petro in servicio de huswif (at 6d/week; she served for two years). OED has earlier but word seemingly for a married women in her own household. [29] rcp; 1452 Middlesex. Johanna Dobson formerly of London, hosewyff outlawed for trespass offence [30]

Hundreder: 1258. Lincolnshire. Gilbert le Hundreder. OED has earliest 1285. [31]