Healthcare Careers

Careers in healthcare and other health-related fields generally provide high-demand jobs, above-average salaries, ample opportunities for career advancement, family-friendly personnel policies, and high job satisfaction. Of the 25 fastest growing occupations in Texas requiring a bachelor’s degree or higher, 9 are in the healthcare sector. Of the 25 highest paying occupations in Texas, 15 of 25 are in healthcare.

Health workforce shortages

Primary healthcare

About 50% of healthcare jobs are in ambulatory healthcare services such as physicians’ offices and outpatient care centers. Hospitals employ about 40% of healthcare workers and about 8% work in nursing and residential care facilities. In these environments, clinical healthcare providers such as physicians, nurses, dentists, optometrists, psychologists, and speech-language pathologists work directly with patients to detect, diagnose, and treat diseases, injuries, or other health-related conditions. Social workers provide persons, families, or vulnerable populations with the psychosocial support needed to cope with chronic, acute, or terminal illnesses.Types health careers


*Projected new jobs in the Texas Gulf Coast Region, 2016.

Secondary healthcare

Healthcare organizations also employ large numbers of medical and health service managers, health information specialists, and legal advisors with specialized knowledge in healthcare systems. Education programs have been developed to provide specialized knowledge about the business, information management, and legal needs of the healthcare industry.

Tertiary health-related fields

Other health-related jobs are found in universities, research laboratories, private industry, government agencies, and personal services.

  • Biomedical scientists, population researchers, and health educators apply principles of basic and applied science to understand and advance disease prevention as well as diagnosis and treatment of health conditions.
  • Public health specialists typically work for government or healthcare agencies to investigate and define the determinants of disease, disability, and other health outcomes and develop the means for prevention and control.
  • Environmental scientists work to identify and eliminate pollutants or hazards that affect the environment or the health of populations.
  • Biomedical engineers design and develop new health products such as artificial organs, prostheses, and diagnostic instrumentation.
  • Biotechnologists assist lab-based biomedical scientists and engineers.
  • Fitness and recreation specialists provide wellness training and support for individuals and groups of employees.