Counting
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Ichi Ni San Shi Go Roku Shichi Hachi Ku Ju

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Dachi Stance
Zenkutsu-dachi Front stance
Kiba-dachi Horse riding stance
Kokustu-dachi Back stance
Shizen-dachi Natural stance
Heiko-dachi Feet shoulder width and straight
Hachiji-dachi Feet shoulder width and pointed out
Uchu Hachiji-dachi Feet shoulder width and pointed in
Musubi-dachi Heels together, each foot turned out at 45 degrees
Heisoku-dachi Feet and toes together
Teiji-dachi T-angled stance
Renoji-dachi L-angled stance
Hangetsu-dachi Half-moon stance
Kosa-dachi Crossed-feet stance
Neko-Ashi-dachi Cats foot stance

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Uke Waza Blocking Techniques
Gedan-barai Downward block
Age-uke Rising block
Soto Ude-uke Outside forearm block
Uchi Ude-uke Inside forearm block
Shuto-uke Knife hand block
Juji-uke/Kosu-uke X-block
Haishu-uke Backhand block
Teisho-uke Palm block
Kakiwaki-uke Inside wedge hand block
Morote-uke Reinforced forearm block
Nagashi-uke Sweeping block
Tate Shuto-uke Vertical knife hand block (arm straight)

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Tsuki Waza Punching Techniques
Choku-tsuki Front punch
Oi-tsuki Lunge punch
Gyaku-tsuki Reverse punch
Kizami-tsuki Leading hand jab
Sanbon-tsuki Three punch combination
Age-tsuki Rising punch
Ura-tsuki Half punch used at close range
Kage-tsuki Hook punch
Mawashi-tsuki Round house punch
Morote-tsuki Double punch
Yama-tsuki Over the mountain double punch
Tate-tsuki Vertical punch

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Uchi Waza Striking Techniques
Age-Empi Uchi or Tate Empi Uchi Upward elbow strike
Haishu Uchi Back hand strike - hand and fingers are straight
Haito Uchi Ridge-hand strike.
Hiji-Ate Elbow strike, also called empi uchi.
Hiji Atemi or Hiji Ate Elbow strikes.
Ippon Nukite One finger strike.
Ippon Tsuki or Ippon Nukite One finger thrust
Keito Uchi Chicken head strike.
Kentsui Uchi (Or Tettsui Uchi) Hammer fist strike.
Kumade Uchi Bear hand strike. Kumade also means rake or fork.
Nihon Nukite Two finger strike
Nihon Tsuki or Nihon Nukite Two finger thrust
Nukite Spear hand
Shihon Nukite Four finger strike
Shuto Uchi Knife hand strike
Tate Empi Uchi Upward elbow strike
Teisho Uchi Palm heel strike.
Tettsui Uchi Bottom fist strike. Also called kentsui.
Uraken Uchi Back fist strike
Ushiro Mawashi Empi Uchi Back roundhouse elbow strike
Yoko Empi Uchi Side Elbow Strike.

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Geri Waza Kicking Techniques
Mae-geri Front Kick
Mae-geri Keage Front Snap Kick
Mawashi-geri Roundhouse Kick
Yoko-geri Keage Side Snap Kick
Yoko-geri Kekomi Side Thrust Kick
Ushiro-geri Back Thrust Kick
Gyaku Mawashi-geri Reverse Round House Kick
Fumikomi-geri Downward Thrust Kick
Mikasuki-geri Cresent Kick
Ashi-barai Foot or Leg Sweep
Hiza-geri Knee Kick
Namimae-ashi Returning Wave Kick
Kakato-geri Axe Kick

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15 Basic Kata of Shotokan Karate
Name of Kata
Meaning of Name
Moves
Main Points to be Learned
Heian Shodan
Peaceful Mind
21
Front stance, back stance, stepping patterns, lunge punch
Heian Nidan
Peaceful Mind
26
Front kick, side kick while changing directions
Heian Sandan
Peaceful Mind
20
Body connections in forearm blocking, back-fist strike
Heian Yondan
Peaceful Mind
27
Balance and variation in techniques
Heian Godan
Peaceful Mind
23
Balance and jumping
Tekki Shodan
Horse Riding
29
Straddle-leg stance, hip vibration
Tekki Nidan
Horse Riding
24
Grasping and hooking blocks
Tekki Sandan
Horse Riding
36
Continuous middle-level blocking
Bassai-Dai
To Penetrate a Fortress
42
Changing disadvantage into advantage by use of switching blocks and differing degrees of power
Kanku-Dai
Looking at Sky
65
Variation in fast and slow techniques, jumping
Jion
Temple of Jion
47
Turning, shifting, variations in stepping patterns
Jutte
Ten Hands
24
Powerful hip action, use of the staff
Empi
Flying Swallow
37
Fast slow movements, high and low body positions, reversal of body positions
Hangetsu
Crescent or Half Moon
41
Inside tension stance; coordination of breathing with stepping, blocking and punching, circular arm and leg movement
Gankaku
Crane on a Rock
42
Balancing on one leg, side kick, back fist strike
Other, more advanced kata, which are frequently practiced are Sochin (Immovable), Chinte(Small Hands), Nijushiho(24 directions), Bassai-Sho(The Lesser Bassai), Kanku-Sho(The Lesser Kanku), Gojushiho-Dai(The Greater 54 Directions), Gojushiho-Sho(The Lesser 54 Directions) and Unsu(Hands in the Clouds).

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Miscellaneous Terminology
Jodan Face level
Chudan Stomach level
Gedan Lower level
Sensei Teacher
Sempai Senior student
Ken Fist
Seiken Fore fist
Ippon-ken One knuckle fist
Nakadaka-ken Middle knuckle fist
Nukite Spear hand
Ippon-nukite One finger spear hand
Dojo Training hall
Shihai Tournament
Makiwara Punching board
Hajimae Begin
Yamae Finish
Enorae Relax
Mokuso Meditation
Seiza Formal kneeling position
Gi Uniform
Obi Belt
Kyu Junior rank, colored belt
Dan Senior rank, black belt
Shihan Master

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Kumite Sparring
Sanbon Kumite Three step basic sparring
Gohon Kumite Five step basic sparring
Kihon Ippon Kumite One step basic sparring
Jiyu Ippon Kumite One step semi free sparring
Jiyu Kumite Free sparring

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Parts of the Body
Ago Jaw or chin.
Akiresu-Ken Achilles tendon.
Ashi Foot or leg.
Ashikubi Ankle.
Ashi Ura Sole of foot.
Ashi Yubi Toes.
Ashizoko Bottom foot. You use this to sweep your opponents foot during ashi barai.
Do
Torso or trunk of body.
Dokko The mastoids.
Empi Elbow (also called hiji).
Fukuto The outside of the lower part of the thigh.
Fushi Joint, knuckle.
Gai Wan Outer arm.
Gan Eye. You may also see this as gansei.
Ganmen Head and face area.
Ha Tooth.
Hada Skin.
Haguki Gums.
Hai Lung.
Haibu The back area used as the target area in karate.
Haimen Back or rear side.
Haisoku Instep of the foot. The area at the base of the shin bone and the top of the foot.
Hai-Wan Back arm.
Hana Nose.
Hara Abdomen, means the same as tandan.
Hidari Left (left side).
Hifu Skin.
Hiji Elbow, also known as empi. Hiji is the older version. Empi is now the most commonly used. You may also see it spelt as enpi.
Hijikansetsu Elbow joint.
Hira-Kote Level forearm. Centre of the outer and inner forearms.
Hitai Brow/forehead.
Hitosashi Forefinger knuckle.
Hiza Knee or lap.
Hizagashira Knee cap.
Hizakansetsu Knee joint.
Jinzo Kidney.
Kafukubu Abdomen.
Kahanshin Lower half of the body.
Kakato Heel (of the foot)
Kami Hair. Kami dori/tsukami is hair grab, from the kata empi. Also see ke.
Kansetsu Joint.
Kanzo Liver. (may also sometimes see it as kimo).
Karada Body, physique.
Kasumi Temple on the side of the head. Also see komikami
Kata Shoulder.
Ke Hair.
Keibu Neck area. Used as a target in sports karate.
Keichu Nape of the neck.
Ketto Blood.
Kinniku Muscles.
Kinteki Testicles.
Koken Wrist joint, or bent wrist. It translates as 'arc fist'.
Komekami The temple area of the head. Also see kasumi.
Koshi The ball of the foot, or the hip/waist.
Kote (1) Wrist, another translation for wrist. Te is on the end to signify that it is of the hand. Ko means arc.
Kote (2) Back hand.
Kote (3) Forearm. In some cases you will see kote as forearm as in 'omote-kote' or 'outer forearm'
Kubi Neck.
Kuchi Mouth.
Kusagakure The outside edge of the top of the foot.
Kyobu Chest area.
Mata Top of the thigh.
Matsukaze The side of the neck.
Me Eye.
Men Face.
Migi Right (right side).
Mikazuki The lower ridge of the lower jaw, the mandible base.
Mimi Ear or ears.
Momo Thigh.
Mune Chest.
Myaku Pulse.
Myojo Area about one inch below the navel.
Nai Wan Inner arm.
Nodo Throat.
Omote-Kote Front forearm or inner forearm. The thumb edge side that when standing naturally faces to the front.
Oyayubi Thumb or big toe.
Rokkotsu Rib.
Sakotsu Collar bone.
Sebone Backbone, spine.
Senaka The back.
Seoi Shoulder. In karate we use 'kata' to say shoulder but you may see seoi nage for shoulder throw.
Shin Heart.
Shintai Body, another expression for body.
Shinzo Heart.
Shiri Buttocks.
Shita Tongue.
Sho Palm, as in hand.
Shofu Side of neck.
Shuwan Palm side of forearm. This is also seen as showan.
Soda The area between the shoulder blades.
Sokko Top of the foot.
Sokutei Sole of foot.
Sokuto Edge of foot. The striking area in a side thrust kick.
Suigetsu Solar-plexus.
Sune Shin.
Tai Body, as in tai-sabaki tai = body, sabaki = shifting or movement.
Taikaku Build or physique.
Tanden Basically your centre of gravity, naval area. Also see hara.
Te Hand.
Tendo The crown of your head.
Tento The fontanelle or the space between the crown of the head and the forehead.
Tomoe Stomach.
Tsumasaki Tips of the toes.
Tsume Nail, of the fingers or toes. Used to effect in the kata bassai sho, to cut across the opponents eyeballs.
Ude Forearm.
Udekansetsu Arm joint.
Ura-Kote Reverse or rear forearm. The little finger side.
Ushiro Back or rear.
Uto The point at the base of the nose between the eyes.
Wakibara Side of the chest.
Wan Arm.
Wanshun Top of outside edge of upper arm.
Yako The inside of the upper thigh.
Yobo Face.
Yoko Side or lateral.
Yubi Finger.
Yubi No Kansetsu Knuckle.
Yubisaki Fingertip.
Zenshin Whole (entire) body.
Zenwan Forearm.
Zuno Head or brains.

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