No. 1039: "An Armor of Commentary" examines how the medium can become the message.
No. 123: "The Black
Death" talks about some consequences of the 14th-century Plague.
No. 258: "Bosch's Demons" considers how Bosch drew on the folklore of his day as well as the pharmaceutical and medical
Alan Lupack of the University of Rochester maintains a gorgeous
Arthurian site, The Camelot Project:
Arthurian Texts, Images, Bibliographies, and Basic Information, which includes links to
"Women of Arthurian Legend."
No. 1348: "Castel del Monte" asks why a particular 13th-century castle was built, and provides a plan of the castle.
No. 439: "Cathedral and Pyramid" looks at how "Our finest works reflect commitment and ideals."
As Elizabeth Knuth observes in her Internet review of
The Catholic Encyclopedia for College & Research Libraries News, 58.11.811 (Dec. 1997), this site, like the monumental print work, "is most useful for theology and religious studies, but is also surprisingly strong in philosophy and very helpful for medieval history."
No. 1543: "Ceredi's Pump", technology, and philosophy.
No. 1041: "Chinese Pharmacy" shows how the West has continually re-invented the medical knowledge of China.
The Christian Classics
Ethereal Library at Calvin College is a full-text database which allows searching through the Author Index (Non-Fiction and Fiction Indexes), Hymns, Reference, and Alphabetical. In addition to linking to the World Wide Study Bible and to works of the Early Church Fathers, the CCEL includes links to The Life and Doctrine of St. Catherine of Genoa, Julian of Norwich's Revelations of Divine Love, and Works of St. Teresa of Avila.
No. 625: "The Crossbow" looks at the weapon's history.
No. 577: "A Dark Age"
shows Europe rising from the subsistence level on which it existed after the fall of Rome.
One general database which often gets linked through other medieval
studies, classics studies, women's studies, and gender studies sites is
Diotima: Materials for the Study of Women and Gender in the Ancient World from the
University of Kentucky. Diotima allows full searching, as well as providing links to a number of sites, including several medieval sites.
Distinguished Women of Past and Present includes women in the Middle Ages, and allows
searching by Field of Activity and by Name; it also includes Links to Related Sites.
No. 1229: "Double-Entry Bookkeeping" and its development throughout the High and Late Middle Ages -- "without which
all the money-fueled engines of the modern world would simply grind to a halt."
No. 97: "Educating a Mason" marvels at how medieval master-builders created those great cathedrals. Later, Dr. Lienhard revised
this episode as No. 1530
Prof. J.S. Arkenberg provides a useful
"Guide to Medieval Terms".
No. 115: "Guido da Vigevano", 14th-century physician and engineer.
Episode No. 1562 is the revised version.
No. 1040: "Humanism and Feminism" notes that the stronger female values of the Middle Ages gave way to slavery and
witch-burning as Europe re-discovered Classical Greece.
One of the largest medieval sites on the Internet is undoubtedly
The Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies from Georgetown University, which includes
links to authors, texts, and articles on a wide variety of medieval material, as well as Pedagogical
Resources; Professional Information, Publications, and Organizations; and the Medieval Studies Text, Image, and Archival Databases. To find information specifically on medieval
women, input the term "women" in the search box.
Fordham University's Paul Halsall collects and maintains the giant
Internet Medieval Sourcebook,
part of the massive ORB, Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies.
The Sourcebook consists of three main pages--Selected Sources, Full Text Sources, and
Saints' Lives--"with a number of supplementary documents," including Search the Sourcebook, Selected
Secondary Sources, and Medieval Films. See the "Selected Sources:
Sex and Gender" page which contains links to information about Women's Roles, Men's Roles, Constructions of Sexuality and Gender, and Marriage
No. 709: "The Iroquois and the U.S. Government" demonstrates how heavily the United States Constitution borrows from Hiawatha's
League of Iroquois Nations, founded in North America during Europe's Middle Ages.
No. 913: "C.S. Lewis and Tolkien" looks at two 20th-century giants of medieval scholarship and fantasy writing.
No. 1406: "Medieval Age of Reason" and the 13th-century beginnings of the divide between the sacred and the
Medieval and Renaissance Europe -- Primary Historical Documents for one of the most extensive collections of links to both collections
of primary documents and individual primary documents on the Internet, from
No. 986: "Medieval Timelessness" and how manuscript-books and medieval cathedrals -- and medieval music -- reflect that sense of
everything happening Here and Now in a kind of eternal Present, before mechanical clocks and more
frenzied lifestyles removed that sense of Time flowing naturally on.
No. 10: "The Medieval West" discusses connections between the American "Wild West" and the European Middle Ages.
Dr. Lienhard later reworked this episode as No. 1328.
UPDATED LINKS! To send medieval-themed e-cards, see
The Medieval Europe Photo Gallery eCards and
Medieval Greeting - free medieval-themed eCards.
No. 593: "A Modern Trebuchet" re-examines an important medieval engine of war.
the Catholic University of America, is another huge collection of medieval links: Archaeology,
Architecture, Art, Culture, Drama, History, Law, Literature, Music, People, Philosophy, Religion,
Science and Technology, NetSERF's Research Center, a Glossary of Terms, and other pages.
Douglas Killings of Berkeley maintains the full-text
Online Medieval & Classical Library,
which can be searched through an input box, or can be browsed by Title, Author, Genre, or Language.
Killings also provides information on Downloading texts, as well as a set of links to other major medieval
One of the most complete multi-level medieval reference sources
on the Internet is ORB, the On-line Reference Book for
Medieval Studies, maintained by Carolyn Schriber of Rhodes College. Briefly, ORB
includes About ORB, The ORB Encyclopedia, Of General Interest (includes filmographies), Resources for Teaching, The ORB Library Connection (to
full texts; includes Internet Medieval Sourcebook, noted above), E-Texts, and The ORB Reference
Shelf, as well as What Every Medievalist Should Know.
UPDATED LINK! Dorothy Disse provides links to biographical
and bibliographical information about historical women of the East and West, including many medieval
women, in “Other Women’s Voices: Translations of Women’s Writing before 1700” ,
an excellent site.
No. 427: "Printer's Marks" briefly examines the shorthand version of a printer's trademark.
No. 628: "Printed Music" examines the gradual evolution of the printing of musical notation.
Medieval Home Page, part of a site by a librarian and her family, includes links to a wide variety of
Medieval material, including Anglo-Saxon and Norse/Viking, as well as general medieval.
No. 1037: "Rye Ergot and Witches" looks at the connection between rye blight, the devil, the plague, and various outbreaks
No. 228: "Stone Quarries"
looks at building cathedrals and other great buildings.
No. 1424: "La Sylphide" shows the perhaps surprising connection among ballet, the 19th-century Romantic movement,
and medieval alchemy.
No. 458: "About Trebuchets"
is about guns, catapults, and human ingenuity.
No. 378: "Women in the Academy"
concludes that, "When women were thwarted here, they emerged there."
For assistance with writing that research
paper and doing all the citations correctly, see
Writing Handouts and Resources from Purdue University's Online Writing Lab [OWL].