English Romanticism
VISUAL ART


Early Romantic Influences
Jacques Louis David,
Marat Assassine (1793)
Jacques Louis David,
Les Licteurs Rapportent a Brutus Les Corps de Ses Fils (1789)


William Blake
See entry on POETS page for link to Blake's Illustrations


John Constable
Biographical Info
Born: 1776
Died: 1837

British Landscape artist
  • Just as his contemporary William Wordsworth rejected what he called the `poetic diction' of his predecessors, so Constable turned away from the pictorial conventions of 18th-century landscape painters, who, he said, were always `running after pictures and seeking the truth at second hand'. Constable thought that `No two days are alike, nor even two hours; neither were there ever two leaves of a tree alike since the creation of the world', and in a then new way he represented in paint the atmospheric effects of changing light in the open air, the movement of clouds across the sky, and his excited delight at these phenomena, stemming from a profound love of the country: `The sound of water escaping from mill dams, willows, old rotten planks, slimy posts and brickwork, I love such things. These scenes made me a painter.' (Web Museum, Paris)
  • Major Works


    Brighton Beach, (50 Kb); Victoria and Albert Museum, London

    Tree Trunks, (80 Kb); Victoria and Albert Museum, London

    The Lock at Dedham, 1824 (40 K)


    The Leaping Horse, 1825 (90 Kb); sketch; Victoria and Albert Museum, London

    Chain Pier, Brighton, 1827 (170 Kb); Oil on canvas, 127 x 183 cm (50 x 72 in)
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    Eugene Delacroix
    Biographical Info
    Born: 1798
    Died: 1863

  • French painter
  • Noted for use of color which influenced later impressionism movement
  • Was influenced by English painter John Constable and English poet Lord Byron
  • Illustrated a French edition of Goethe's Faust
  • Major Works


    La Liberté Guidant Le Peuple, (90 Kb); Painted on 28 July 1830, to commemorate the July Revolution that had just brought Louis-Philippe to the French throne; Louvre.

    The Barque of Dante, 1822 (150 Kb); Oil on canvas, 189 x 242 cm (74 1/2 x 95 1/4"); Musee du Louvre, Paris

    Combat of Giaour and Hassan, 1826 (80 Kb); Oil on canvas; Art Institute of Chicago

    The Death of Sardanapal , 1827 (130 Kb); Oil on canvas, 392 x 496 cm; Musee du Louvre, Paris
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    Henry Fuseli
    Biographical Info
    Born: 1741
    Died: 1825

    Swiss born painter, draughtsman, and writer on art
    Writings include:
  • Lectures on Painting (1801)
  • Translation of Winckelmann's Reflections on the Painting and Sculpture of the Greeks (1765)
  • Major Works


    Lady Macbeth, 1784 (30 Kb); Oil on canvas; Louvre

    Macbeth and the Witches, (20 Kb); Oil on canvas; Petworth House at Sussex, England

    Perseus Returning the Eye of the Graii, (60 Kb); Pen; City Art Gallery at Birmingham, England
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    Joseph Mallord William Turner
    Biographical Info
    Born: 1775
    Died: 1851

  • One of the founders of English watercolor landscape painting
  • Instead of merely recording factually what he saw, Turner translated scenes into a light-filled expression of his own romantic feelings. (Web Museum, Paris)
  • Major Works

    Landscape with Distant River and Bay, Oil on canvas (100 Kb), 94 x 124 cm (37 x 49"); Musee du Louvre, Paris
    Snowstorm, 1842 (220 Kb); Oil on canvas, 91.5 x 122 cm (36 x 48 in)
    Rain, Steam, and Speed: The Great Western Railway, 1844
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    George Walker
    Biographical Info
    Born: 1781
    Died: 1856

  • English Painter
  • Major Works

    Wensley Dale Knitters, (1814)
    Middleton Colliery, (1814)
    First ever painting of a locomotive
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