Book chapters
Book reviews
Research papers


Breitmeyer, B. G. (2010). Blindspots: The Many Ways We Cannot See. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bachmann, T., Breitmeyer, B., & Ögmen, H. (2007). The Experimental Phenomena of Consciousness: A brief Dictionary. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ögmen, H. & Breitmeyer, B. G. (2006). The First Half Second: Temporal Dynamics of Conscious and Unconscious Visual Processing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Breitmeyer, B. G. & Ögmen, H. (2006). Visual Masking: Time Slices through Conscious and Unconscious Vision (2nd Ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1984). Visual Masking: An Integrative Approach. New York: Oxford University Press.


Breitmeyer, B. G. (2009), Perception: Unconscious influences on perceptual interpretation. In: W. P. Banks (Ed.),Encyclopedia of Consciousness, Vol. 2. Oxford: Elsevier.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (2009). Visual masking. In P. Wilken, T. Bayne & A. Cleeremans (Eds.), The Oxford Companion of Consciousness. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ögmen, H. & Breitmeyer, B. G. (2006). Dynamics of Perceptual Epochs Probed by DissociationPhenomena in Masking. In H. Ögmen & B. G. Breitmeyer (Eds.), The First Half Second. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Breitmeyer, B. G. & Stoerig, P. (2006). Neural correlates of conscious and unconscious vision. In H. Ögmen & B. G. Breitmeyer (Eds.), The First Half Second. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Breitmeyer, B. G. & Ögmen, H. (2006). Visual masking reveals differences between the unconscious and conscious processing of form and surface attributes. In H. Ögmen & B. G. Breitmeyer (Eds.), The First Half Second. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Fotowat, H., Ögmen, H., Bedell, H. E., & Breitmeyer, B. G. (2006). Probing oscillatory visual dynamics at the perceptual level. In M. Akay (Ed.), Handbook of Neural Engineering, pp. 615-625. New York: Wiley.

Breitmeyer, B.G. (1995). Die Rolle tonischer und phasischer Verarbeitungskanaele im Sehsystem beim Lesen und bei Lesestoerungen. Bericht des 11. Fachkongress des Bundesverbandes Legasthenie e. V.. Hannover: Bundesverband Legasthenie e. V.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1994). The role of sustained and transient pathways in reading and reading disability. In J. Ygge & G. Lennerstrand (Eds.), Eye Movements in Reading. Oxford: Elsevier.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1993). Sustained and transient channels in vision: A review and implications for reading. In D. Willows, E. Corcos, & R. Kruk (Eds.), Visual Processes in Reading and Spelling. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1993). The roles of sustained (P) and transient (M) channels in reading and reading disability. In S. F. Wright & R. Groner (Eds.), Facets of Dyslexia and Its Remediation. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1992). Parallel processing in human vision: History, review, and critique. In J. R. Brannan (Ed.),Applications of Parallel Processing in Vision. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1991). Reality and relevance of sustained and transient channels in reading and reading disability. In R. Schmid & D. D. Zambarbieri (Eds.), Oculomotor Control and Cognitive Processes - Normal and Pathological Aspects. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Breitmeyer, B. G. & Braun, D. (1990). Effects of fixation and attention on saccadic reaction times. In R. Groner, G. d‘Yderwalle & R. Parham (Eds.), From Eye to Mind: Information Acquisition in Perception, Search, and Reading. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

Juola, J. F. & Breitmeyer, B. G. (1988). A discussion of models of motion perception. In H. Bouma, B. A. G. Elsendorn, D. G. Bowhuis, S. G. Nooteboom, & J. A. J. Roufs (Eds.), Working Models of Human Perception. New York: Academic Press.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1986). Eye movements and visual pattern perception. In E. Schwab & H. C. Nusbaum (Eds.), Pattern Recognition by Humans and Machines, Vol. 2, Visual Perception. New York: Academic Press.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1983). Sensory masking, persistence and enhancement in visual exploration and reading. In K. Rayner (Ed.), Perceptual and Linguistic Processes in Reading. New York: Academic Press.


Brown, V. & Breitmeyer, B. (1996). Review of Semir Zeki (1993) A Vision of the Brain. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell]. Neural Networks, 9, 727-729.

Gratch, G. & Breitmeyer, B. G. (1978). Visions of the wee "Wunderbairn." Review of T. G. R. Bower‘s The Perceptual World of the InfantContemporary Psychology, 23, 724-725.


Bruchmann, M., Breitmeyer, B. G., & Pantev, C. (2010) Metacontrast masking within and between visual channels: Effects of orientation and spatial-frequency contrasts. Journal of Vision, 10(6):12, 1-14.

Breitmeyer. B. G ., & Tapia, E. (2011/in press). Roles of contour and surface processing in microgenesis of object perception and visual consciousness. Advances in Cognitive Psychology.

Tapia, E., & Breitmeyer. B. G. (2011/in press). Visual consciousness revisited: Magno- and parvocellular contributions to conscious and nonconscious vision. Psychological Science.

Tapia, E., Breitmeyer. B. G., & Broyles, E. C. (2011/in press). Properties of spatial attention in conscious and nonconscious visual information processing. Consciousness and Cognition.

Green, M. F., Wynn, J. K., Breitmeyer, B., Mathis, K. I., & Nuechterlein, K. H. (2011/in press). Visual masking by object substitution in schizophrenia. Psychological Medicine.

Mathis, K. I., Wynn, J. K., Breitmeyer, B., Nuechterlein, K. H. & Green, M. F. (2011/in press). The attentional blink in schizophrenia: Isolating the perception/attention interface. Journal of Psychiatric Research.

Tapia, E., & Breitmeyer. B. G. (2010). Role of task-directed attention in nonconscious and conscious response priming by form and color. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 36, 74-87.

Ansorge., U., Becker, S., & Breitmeyer, B. (2009). Revisiting the metacontrast dissociation: Comparing sensitivity across different measures. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 62, 286-309.

Kafaligönül, H., Breitmeyer, B. G., & Ögmen, H. (2009). Effects of contrast polarity in paracontrast masking. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 71, 1576-1587. doi:10.3758/APP.71.7.1

Ro, T., Singhal, N. S., Breitmeyer, B. G., Garcia, J. O. (2009). Unconscious processing of color and form in metacontrast masking. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 71, 95-103.

Breitmeyer, B. G., Tapia, T., Kafal?gönül, H., & Ögmen, H. (2008). Metacontrast masking and stimulus contrast polarity.Vision Research 48, 2433-2438.

Breitmeyer, B. G., Herzog, M. H., & Ögmen, H. (2008). Motion, not masking, provides the medium for feature attribution.Psychological Science, 19, 823-829.

Ro, T., Singhal, N., Breitmeyer, B., & Garcia, J. (2008). Unconscious processing of color and form in metacontrast masking.Perception & Psychophysics (in press).

Breitmeyer. B. G., Koç, A., Ögmen, H., & Ziegler, R. (2008). Functional hierarchies of nonconscious visual processing.Vision Research, 48, 1509-1513.

Ögmen, H., Purushothaman. G., & Breitmeyer, B. G. (2008). Metacontrast, target recovery, and the magno- and parvocellular systems: A reply to the perspective. Visual Neuroscience, 25, 611-616.

Leventhal, A. M., Andrews, J. M., Breitmeyer, B. G., Miller, E., Tapia, E., & Li, Y. (2008). Subliminal processing of smoking-related and affective stimuli in tobacco addiction. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology 16, 301-312.

Breitmeyer, B. G., & Hanif, W. (2008). "Change of mind" within and between nonconscious (masked) and conscious (unmasked) visual processing. Consciousness and Cognition, 17, 254-266.

Ansorge, U., Breitmeyer, B. G., & Becker, S. I. (2007). Comparing sensitivity across different processing measures under metacontrast masking conditions. Vision Research, 47, 3335-3349.

Breitmeyer, B. G., & Ögmen, H. (2007). Visual masking. Scholarpedia (on-line peer reviewed encyclopedia).

Breitmeyer, B. G., Ziegler, R., & Hauske, G (2007). Central factors contributing to paracontrast modulation of contour and brightness Perception. Visual Neuroscience, 24, 191-196.

Breitmeyer, B. G., Ro, T., Ögmen, H., & Todd, S. (2007). Unconscious, stimulus-dependent and conscious, percept-dependent priming with chromatic stimuli. Perception & Psychophysics, 69, 550-557.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (2007). Visual masking: past accomplishments, present status, future developments. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 3, 9-20.

Green, M. F., Nuechterlein, K. H., Breitmeyer, B., & Mintz, J. (2006). Forward and backward masking in unaffected siblings of schizophrenia patients. Biological Psychiatry, 59, 446-451.

Ögmen, H., Breitmeyer, B. G., Todd, S., & Mardon, L. (2006). Target recovery in metacontrast: Effects of contrast. Vision Research, 46, 4726-4734.

Brown, J., Breitmeyer, B. G., Leighty, K. A., & Denney, H. I. (2006). The path of visual attention. Acta Psychologica, 121, 199-209.

Breitmeyer, B. G., Kafal?gönül, H., Ögmen, H., Mardon, L., Todd, S., & Ziegler, R. (2006). Meta- and paracontrast reveal differences between contour- and brightness-processing mechanisms. Vision Research, 46, 2645-2658.

Wynn, J. K., Light, G. K., Breitmeyer, B., Nuechterlein, K. H., & Green, M. F. (2005). Event-related gamma activity in schizophrenia patients during a visual backward masking task. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 2330-2336.

Rassovsky, Y., Green, M. F., Nuechterlein, K. H., Breitmeyer, B., & Mintz, J. (2005). Visual processing in schizophrenia: a confirmatory factor analysis of visual masking parameters. Schizophrenia Research, 78, 251-260.

Rassovsky, Y., Green, M. F., Nuechterlein, K. H., Breitmeyer, B., & Mintz, J. (2005). Modulation of attention during visual masking in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 1533-1535.

Breitmeyer, B. G., Ögmen, H., Ramon, J., & Chen, J. (2005). Unconscious priming by forms and their parts. Visual Cognition, 12, 720-736.

Rassovsky, Y., Green, M.F., Nuechterlein, K.H., Breitmeyer, B., & Mintz, J. (2004). Paracontrast and metacontrast in schizophrenia: Clarifying the mechanism for visual masking deficits. Schizophrenia Research, 71, 485-492.

Breitmeyer, B. G., Ro, T., & Ögmen, H. (2004). A Comparison of masking by visual and transcranial magnetic stimulation: Implications for the study of conscious and unconscious visual processing. Consciousness and Cognition,13, 829-843.

Breitmeyer, B. G., Ögmen, H., & Chen, J. (2004). Unconscious priming by color and form: Different processes and levels.Consciousness and Cognition, 13, 138-157.

Breitmeyer, B. G., Ro, T., & Singhal, N (2004). Unconscious priming with chromatic stimuli occurs at stimulus- not percept-dependent levels of visual processing. Psychological Science, 15, 198-202.

Green, M. F., Nuechterlein, K. H., Breitmeyer, B., Tsuang, J. & Mintz, J. (2003). Forward and backward masking in schizophrenia: Influence of age. Psychological Medicine, 33, 887-895.

Ro, T., Breitmeyer, B., Burton, P., Singhal, N., & Lane, D. (2003). Feedback contributions to visual awareness in human occipital cortex. Current Biology, 11, 1038-1041.

Green, M.F., Mintz, J., Salveson, D., Nuechterlein, K. H. Breitmeyer, B., Light G. A., & Braff, D. L. (2003). Visual masking as a probe for abnormal gamma range activity in schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry, 53, 1113-1119.

Ögmen, H., Breitmeyer, B. G. & Melvin, R. (2003). The what and where in visual masking. Vision Research, 43, 1337-1350.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (2003). In support of Pockett‘s critique of Libet‘s studies of the time course of consciousness.Consciousness and Cognition, 11, 280-283.

Green, M. F., Nuechterlein, K. H., & Breitmeyer, B. (2002). Development of computerized assessment for visual masking.International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 11, 83-89.

Breitmeyer, B. G., & Ögmen, H. (2000). Recent models and findings in backward visual masking: A comparison, review, and update. Perception & Psychophysics, 62, 1572-1595.

Green, M. F., Nuechterlein, K. H., Breitmeyer, B., & Mintz, J. (1999). Backward masking in unmedicated schizophrenic patients in psychotic remission: suggestive evidence for aberrant cortical oscillations. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 1367-1373.

Breitmeyer, B., Ehrenstein, A., Pritchard, K., Hiscock, M. & Crisan, J. (1999). The roles of location specificity and masking mechanisms in the attentional blink. Perception & Psychophysics, 61, 798-809.

Iovino, I., Fletcher, J. M., Breitmeyer, B. G., & Foorman, B. R. (1998). Colored overlays for visual perceptual deficits in children with reading disability and attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder: are they differentially effective? Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 20, 791-806.

Wood, S., Mortel, K. F., Hiscock, M., Breitmeyer, B. G. & Caroselli, J. S. (1997). Adaptive and maladaptive utilization of color cues by patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer‘s disease. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 12, 483-489.

Green, M. F., Nuechterlein, K. H., & Breitmeyer, B. G. (1997). Backward masking performance in unaffected siblings of schizophrenia patients: Evidence for vulnerability indicator. Archives of General Psychiatry 54, 465-472.

Previc, F. H., Breitmeyer, B. G. & Weinstein, L. F. (1995). Discriminability of random-dot stereograms stimuli in three-dimensional space. International Journal of Neuroscience 80, 247-253.

Mattson, A. J., Levin, H. S., & Breitmeyer, B. G. (1995). Visual information processing after severe closed head injury: Effects of forward and backward masking. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 57, 818-24.

Breitmeyer, B. G. & Breier, J. (1994). Effects of background color on reaction time to stimuli varying in size and contrast.Vision Research 34, 1039-1045.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1993). Express saccades: Attention, fixation, or both? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 16, 572.

Previc, F. H., Weinstein, L. F., & Breitmeyer, B. G. (1992). Visual attention and perception in three-dimensional space.Technical Report No. AL-TR-1991-0119, Air Force Systems Command, Brooks Air Force Base.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1992). Die Rolle der tonischen (P) und phasischen (M) Kanale beim Lesen und bei Lesestorungen.Suisse Revue de Psychologie, 51, 43-54.

Breitmeyer, B. G., Clark, C. D., Hogben, J. H., & Di Lollo, V. (1991). Metacontrast masking in relation to stimulus size and intensity. Suisse Revue de Psychologie, 50, 87-96.

Williams, M. C., Breitmeyer, B. G., Lovegrove, W. J., & Gutierrez, C. (1991). Metacontrast with masks varying in spatial frequency and wavelength. Vision Research, 31, 2017-2023.

Breitmeyer, B. G., May, J. G., & Heller, S. S. (1991). Metacontrast reveals asymmetries at red-green isoluminance. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 8, 1324-1329.

Breitmeyer, B. G. & Williams, M. C. (1990). Effects of isoluminant-background color on metacontrast and stroboscopic motion: Interactions between sustained (P) and transient (M) channels. Vision Research, 30, 1069-1075.

Braun, D. & Breitmeyer, B. G. (1990). Effects of reappearance of fixated and attended stimuli on saccadic reaction time.Experimental Brain Research, 81, 318-324.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1990). Ups and downs on the visual field: Locomotion and manipulation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 13, 545-546.

Ritter, A. D. & Breitmeyer, B. G. (1989). The effects of dichoptic and binocular viewing on bistable motion percepts. Vision Research, 29, 1215-1219.

Greenlee, M. & Breitmeyer, B. G. (1989). A choice-reaction time analysis of spatial-frequency discrimination. Vision Research, 29, 1575-1586.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1989). An experimental and theoretical case for a visual deficit in dyslexia. Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Eye Movements, 41-43.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1989). A visually based deficit in specific reading disability. Irish Journal of Psychology, 10, 566-573.

Braun, D., & Breitmeyer, B. G. (1988). Relationship between directed visual attention and saccadic reaction time.Experimental Brain Research, 73, 546-552.

Breitmeyer, B. G., May, J. G., & Williams, M. C. (1988). Spatial frequency and contrast effects on percepts of bistable stroboscopic motion. Perception & Psychophysics, 44, 525-531.

Fischer, B. & Breitmeyer, B. (1987). Mechanisms of visual attention revealed by saccadic eye movements.Neuropsychologia, 25, 73-83.

Breitmeyer, B. G. & Ritter, A. (1986). The role of visual persistence in bistable motion percepts. Vision Research, 26, 1801-1806.

Breitmeyer, B. G. & Ritter, A. (1986). Visual persistence and the effects of eccentric viewing, element size and frame duration on bistable stroboscopic motion percepts. Perception & Psychophysics, 39, 275-280.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1985). Problems with the psychophysics of intentions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 8, 539-540.

Banta, A. & Breitmeyer, B. G. (1985). Stationary patterns suppress the perception of stroboscopic motion. Vision Research, 25, 1501-1505.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1983). Citation classic. Current Contents: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 18.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1983). Icon as visual persistence: Alive and well. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 6, 15-16.

Breitmeyer, B. G., Kropfl, W., & Julesz, B. (1982). The existence and role of retinotopic and spatiotopic forms of visual persistence. Acta Psychologia, 52, 175-196.

Breitmeyer, B. & Rudd, M. (1981). A single-transient masking paradigm. Perception & Psychophysics, 30, 604-606.

Breitmeyer, B. G., Levi, D. M., & Harwerth, R. S. (1981). Flicker-masking in spatial vision. Vision Research, 21, 1377-1385.

Breitmeyer, B. G., & Kersey, M. (1981). Backward masking by pattern stimulus offset. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 7, 972-977.

Breitmeyer, B. G. & Horman, K. (1981). On the role of stroboscopic motion in metacontrast. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 17, 29-32.

Breitmeyer, B. G., Rudd, M., & Dunn, K. (1981). Metacontrast investigations of sustained-transient channel inhibitory interactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 7, 770-779.

Valberg, A. & Breitmeyer, B. G. (1980). The lateral effect of oscillation of peripheral luminance gratings: A test of hypotheses. Vision Research, 20, 789-798.

Breitmeyer, B., Valberg, A., Kurtenbach, W., & Neumeyer, C. (1980). Oscillation of peripheral luminance gratings increases foveal increment thresholds. Vision research, 20, 799-805.

Blake, R., Breitmeyer, B., & Green, M. (1980). Contrast sensitivity and binocular brightness: Dioptic and dichoptic luminance effects. Perception & Psychophysics, 27, 180-181.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1980). Unmasking visual masking: A look at the "why" behind the veil of the "how". Psychological Review, 87, 52-69.

Breitmeyer, B. G. & Valberg, A. (1979). Local, foveal inhibitory effects of global, peripheral excitation. Science, 203, 463-465.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1978). Metacontrast masking as a function of mask energy. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 12, 50-52.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1978). Disinhibition of metacontrast masking of Vernier acuity targets: Sustained channels inhibit transient channels. Vision Research, 18, 1401-1405.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1978). Metacontrast with black and white stimuli: Evidence for inhibition of on and off sustained activity by either on or off transient activity. Vision Research, 18, 1443-1448.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1977). Masking of Vernier acuity and the sustained-transient theory of metacontrast: A reply to Bridgeman. Brain Theory Newsletter, 3, 30-31.

Breitmeyer, B., Battaglia, F., & Bridge, J. (1977). Existence and implications of a tilted binocular disparity space.Perception, 6, 161-164.

Breitmeyer, B. & Ganz, L. (1977). Temporal studies with flashed gratings: Inferences about human transient and sustained channels. Vision Research, 17, 861-865.

Breitmeyer, B. G. & Ganz, L. (1976). Implications of sustained and transient channels for theories of visual pattern masking, saccadic suppression and information processing. Psychological Review, 83, 1-36.

Julesz, B., Breitmeyer, B., & Kropfl, W. (1976). Binocular disparity dependent upper-lower hemifield anisotropy and left-right hemifield isotropy as revealed by random-dot stereograms. Perception, 5, 129-141.

Breitmeyer, B. Battaglia, F., & Weber, C. (1976). U-shaped backward contour masking during stroboscopic motion. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2, 167-173.

Breitmeyer, B. & Julesz, B. (1975). The role of on and off transients in determining the psychophysical spatial frequency response. Vision Research, 15, 411-415.

Breitmeyer, B. (1975). Simple reaction time as a measure of the temporal response properties of transient and sustained channels. Vision Research, 15, 1411-1412.

Breitmeyer, B. (1975). Predictions of visual backward masking from considerations of the spatio-temporal frequency response. Perception, 4, 297-304.

Breitmeyer, B., Julesz, B., & Kropfl, W. (1975). Dynamic random-dot stereograms reveal up-down anisotropy and left-right isotropy between cortical hemifields. Science, 187, 269-270.

Breitmeyer, B. G., Love, R., & Wepman, B. (1974). Contour masking during stroboscopic motion and metacontrast. Vision Research, 14, 1451-1456.

Breitmeyer, B. G. (1973). A relationship between the detection of size, rate, orientation and direction in the human visual system. Vision Research, 13, 41-58.

Breitmeyer, B. G. & Cooper, L. A. (1972). Frequency specific color adaptation in the human visual system. Perception & Psychophysics, 11, 95-96