Dr.Toshiyuki Yuasa

toshi

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PUBL 6434: GIS for Urban Applications

Fall, 2010
Thursday 5:30pm to 8:30pm
Agnes Arnold Hall 208
Toshiyuki Yuasa, Ph.D.

Office: PGH 312B
Office Hours: Appointment
Office Phone: 713-743-3931
Email: toshi@uh.edu

Course Description:

The purpose of this course is to provide students advanced knowledge in ArcGIS and spatial analysis as tools for public policy decision making. GIS technology has been employed, particularly for local governments’ policy decision making processes balancing key values such as efficiency, equity, community viability, and environmental quality (O’Looney 2000; Thomas and Humenik-Sappington 2009). We explore various case studies employing GIS analytical tools and replicate some of the analyses.

This course begins with surveying the application of GIS for decision support for public policy making. Then, the course moves to univariate descriptive and multivariate spatial analysis using ArcGIS and Geoda. The course ends by analyzing various urban issues focusing on the key values in public policy makings with GIS methods.

Textbooks

Require
Gorr, Wilpen L. and Kristen S. Kurland 2008. GIS tutorial Updated for ArcGIS 9.3, ESRI Press
(ISBN978-1-58948-205-0)

Thomas, Christopher, and Nancy Humenik-Sappington. 2009. GIS for Decision Support and Public Policy Making. Redland: ESRI Press.

Recommended
Allen, David W. 2009. GIS Tutorial II: Spatial Analysis Workbook. Redland: ESRI Press

Maantay, Juliana, and John Ziegler. 2006. GIS for the Urban Environment, ESRI Press.

Other required weekly readings are available for download from Blackboard or Library Reserve Desk.

Grading Scheme

  • Attendance and class participation 10%
  • Term paper presentation 10%
  • Assignments 40%
  • Term paper 40%

Assignments

There will be several assignments over the course of the semester. Students are using assigned GIS or spatial analytical tool(s) to analyze the assigned data and to provide a written report of their findings. Both assignment documents and data sets are available from our class Blackboard. If the data exceed the upload capacity of blackboard, I will send you via email.

Term Paper

Each student can choose his or her research topic relating his or her area of interests. You will present your research at the last day of the course, December 2nd, and submit your final version of your term paper by December 9th.

Submission deadlines

Unexplained late submission will not be graded. In special circumstance, the student can negotiate a later submission deadline by contacting me. All assignments and term paper must be submitted electronically.

University Policies

*If you need special accommodation to meet any of the requirements of this course, please contact me by the second class session.

Course Schedule

August 26

Introduction


Lecture Series 1: GIS for decision support
Readings

Nyerges, Timothy L., and Piotr Jankowski. 2010. Regional and Urban GIS: A Decision Support Approach. New York: Guilford Press. Chapter 1 & 2

Giusti de Perez, Rosario C., and Ramon A. Perez. 2008. Analyzing Urban Poverty: GIS for the Developing World. Redlands: ESRI Press. Chapter 1

Thomas, Christopher, and Nancy Humenik-Sappington. 2009. GIS for Decision Support and Public Policy Making. Redland: ESRI Press. Chapter 1 through 7

  • Chapter 1: Decision Support for Budget and finance
  • Chapter 2: Defending a decision/reaching a compromise
  • Chapter 3: facilitating public participation in decision making
  • Chapter 4: Making decisions under pressure
  • Chapter 5: Decision support for allocating resources
  • Chapter 6: Making decisions on the fly
  • Chapter 7: Supporting policies with GIS

Case studies

Elena, Fagotto, and Fung Archon. 2006. "Empowered Participation in Urban Governance: The Minneapolis Neighborhood Revitalization Program." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 30 (3):638-55.

Peterson, Anne F., Barbara Sgouraki Kinsey, Hugh Bartling, and Brady Baybeck. 2008. "Bringing the Spatial In: The Case of the 2002 Seattle Monorail Referendum." Urban Affairs Review 43 (3):403-29.


Lecture Series 2: Introduction to Spatial Data and ArcGIS exploratory analysis

DeMers, Michael N. 2009. GIS for Dummies. New York: John Wiley & Sons. Part I & Part II. (You can check out the e-book of this book from UH library)

Maanteay and Ziegler: Chapter 2 Spatial Data and Basic Mapping Concept Gorr & Kurland: GIS Tutorial 1

More on Coordinate & Projections Sipes, James L. 2005. “Mapmaking and GIS” Cadalyst; Dec2005, Vol. 22 Issue 12, p48-50, 3p

Glick, J. (2008). "Gentrification and the Racialized Geography of Home Equity." Urban Affairs Review 44: 280-295.

Hertel, Karen, and Nancy Sprague. 2007. “GIS and census data: tools for library planning. Library Hi Tech. Vol.25, No. 2: 246-259

Kent, Robert B., and Richard E. Klosterman. 2000. “GIS and mapping: Pitfalls for Planners.” Journal of the American Planning Association, Spring 66, 2: 189-198

Peters, Alan, and Heather MacDonald. 2004. Unlocking the Census with GIS. Redland: ESRI Press. Chapter 1 Census, Introduction & Chapter 3 Using the census to analyze demographic and social conditions

Brewer, Cynthia A., and Barbara P. Buttenfield. 2007. “Framing Guidelines for Multi-Scale Map Design Using Databases at Multiple Resolutions.” Cartography and Geographic Information Science, Vol. 34, No. 1: 3-15.

Gorr & Kurland GIS Tutorial 1, 2 & 3
Mapping where things are
Mapping the most and least
Mapping density

Recommended

Selecting Color Scheme for Maps
Consult www.ColorBrewer.org

The assignment 1 document and datasets are downloadable from the course blackboard.


Lecture Series 3: Spatial Data Construction

Geodatabases, Importing data, Digitizing, and Geocoding

Gorr & Kurland GIS Tutorial 4, 5, 6, AND 7

Rushton, G., M. P. Armstrong, et al. (2006). "Geocoding in Cancer Research: A Review." American Journal of Preventive Medicine 30(2, Supplement 1): S16-S24.

Whitsel, E., P. M. Quibrera, et al. (2006). "Accuracy of commercial geocoding: assessment and implications." Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations 3(1): 8.

Oliver, M. N., K. Matthews, et al. (2005). "Geographic bias related to geocoding in epidemiologic studies." International Journal of Health Geographics 4(1): 29.

Karimi, H. A., M. Durcik, et al. (2004). "Evaluation of Uncertainties Associated with Geocoding Techniques." Computer-Aided Civil & Infrastructure Engineering 19(3): 170-185.

Robinson, J., S. Wyatt, et al. (2009). "Methods for Retrospective Geocoding in Population Studies: The Jackson Heart Study." Journal of Urban Health 87(1): 136-150.

The assignment 2 document and datasets are downloadable from the course blackboard.


Lecture Series 4: Spatial Data Manipulations and Model Builder

Gorr & Kurland GIS Tutorial 8

Finding what’s inside
Finding what’s nearby
Mapping change

Edwards Jr, D. D. and N. Darnall "Averting Environmental Justice Claims? The Role of Environmental Management Systems." Public Administration Review 70(3): 422-433.

Fischer, M. J. (2008). "Shifting Geographies." Urban Affairs Review: 475-496.

Santiago, A. M., G. C. Galster, et al. (2010). "LOW-INCOME HOMEOWNERSHIP: DOES IT NECESSARILY MEAN SACRIFICING NEIGHBORHOOD QUALITY TO BUY A HOME?" Journal of Urban Affairs 32(2): 171-198.

McLafferty, Sara. 2003. “GIS and Health Care” Annual Review of Public Health, 24: 25-42.

Maroko, Andrew, Juliana A Maantay, Nancy L Sohler, Kristen L Grady and Peter S Arno. 2009. “The complexities of measuring access to parks and physical activity sites in New York City: a quantitative and qualitative approach” International Journal of Health Geographics 8: 34 - 57

Bender, O., H. J. Boehmer, et al. (2005). "Using GIS to analyse long-term cultural landscape change in Southern Germany." Landscape and Urban Planning 70(1-2): 111-125.

The assignment 3 document and datasets are downloadable from the course blackboard.


Lecture Series 5: Methods of Spatial Data Analysis

Gorr & Kurland GIS Tutorial 9

Measuring geographic distribution
Analyzing patterns
Identifying clusters

Maanteay and Ziegler: Ch 9, Methods of Spatial Data Analysis

Maantay, J. (2007). "Asthma and air pollution in the Bronx: Methodological and data considerations in using GIS for environmental justice and health research." Health & Place 13(1): 32-56.

Heynen, N., H. A. Perkins, et al. (2006). "The Political Ecology of Uneven Urban Green Space." Urban Affairs Review: 3-25.

Gimpel, James G. Irwin L. Morris, and David R. Armstrong. 2004. “Turnout and the local age distribution: examining political Participation across space and time. Political Geography 23: 71-95

Sonenshein, Raphael J., and Mark H. Drayse. 2006. “Urban electoral coalitions in age of immigration: Time and place in the 2001 and 2005 Los Angeles mayoral primaries,” Political Geography 25: 570-595

Romero-Calcerrada, R., C. Novillo, et al. (2008). "GIS analysis of spatial patterns of human-caused wildfire ignition risk in the SW of Madrid (Central Spain)." Landscape Ecology 23(3): 341-354.

The assignment 4 document and datasets are downloadable from the course blackboard.


Lecture Series 6: Raster Layers and Kernel density map

Gorr & Kurland GIS Tutorial 10 & 11

Maroko, A., J. Maantay, et al. (2009). "The complexities of measuring access to parks and physical activity sites in New York City: a quantitative and qualitative approach." International Journal of Health Geographics 8(1): 34.

Cromley, Ellen K. 2003. “GIS and Disease” Annual Review of Public Health. 24: 7-24

Crampton, J. W. (2004). "GIS and Geographic Governance." Cartographica 39(1): 41-53.

Mennis, J. (2003). "Generating Surface Models of Population Using Dasymetric Mapping." Professional Geographer 55(1): 31-42.

Andresen, M. A. and P. L. Brantingham (2008). "Visualizing Ambient Population Data within Census Boundaries: A Dasymetric Mapping Procedure." Cartographica 43(4): 267-275.

Making Spatial Decision Using GIS

Nyerges, Timothy L., and Piotr Jankowski. 2010. Regional and Urban GIS: A Decision Support Approach. New York: Guilford Press. Chapter 3

Karanen, Kathryn and Robert Kolvoord. 2008. Making Spatial Decisions Using GIS. Redland: ESRI Press.

The assignment 5 document and datasets are downloadable from the course blackboard.


Lecture Series 7: Spatial analysis with Geoda

Messner, S. F. and L. Anselin (2004). "Spatial analyses of homicide with areal data." Spatially integrated social science: 127–144.

Bischoff, K. (2008). "School District Fragmentation and Racial Residential Segregation." Urban Affairs Review: 182-217.

Oakley, D. (2008). "Locational Patterns of Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Developments." Urban Affairs Review: 599-628.

Spencer, J. H. (2007). "Neighborhood Economic Development Effects of the Earned Income Tax Credit in Los Angeles: Poor Places and Policies for the Working Poor." Urban Affairs Review 42(6): 851.

Darmofal, David. 2006. “The political geography of macro-level turnout in American political development,” Political Geography 25: 123-150.

Koheeld, Carol W., and John Sprague. 2002. “Race, space, and turnout” Political Geography 21: 175-193

Spatial analysis with Geoda

Exploratory analyses
Spatial Correlation
Spatial regression analysis

The assignment 6 document and datasets are downloadable from the course blackboard.


November 25

Thanks Giving Holiday

 

December 2

Students’ project presentation