CAPS provides support through defusing and debriefing with the UH campus community after a traumatic event that may include recent deaths by suicide or homicide, natural disaster, events with a high degree of threat to the UH community, or any significantly distressing event.
Defusing is done the day of the incident and is designed to assure understanding of their reactions and to discuss resources for further services when needed. Defusing interventions involve individuals who were directly involved in the incident and take place at a location secured by the UH campus community caller. They are designed to assist individuals in coping in the short term and address immediate needs.
Debriefings are usually the second level of intervention for those directly affected by the incident and often the first for those not directly involved. A debriefing is normally done within 72 hours of the incident and gives the individual or group the opportunity to talk about their experience, how it has affected them, identify individuals at risk, and inform the individual or group about services available to them in their community.
When providing defusing and debriefing interventions, we are guided by APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct and the Mission Statement of the University of Houston. Defusing and Debriefing involves 3 main parties:
|Stage I: Introductions||Introduction of CAPS staff to all individuals of concern, review defusing process|
|Stage II: Reactions||CAPS will listen to reactions, normalize reactions, review likely symptoms experienced after traumatic event|
|Stage III: Coping||CAPS will discuss coping strategies, how to reach out to support system, stress management, relaxation, recognizing when coping strategies are not enough|
|Stage IV: Resources||CAPS will review CAPS services including daytime and after hours crisis services.|
|Stage V: Termination||CAPS staff will remain until group has dissipated; locate consultee to inform them of departure and availability for debriefing.|
|Stage VI: Follow Up||Consultant will contact consultee the next day to assess current status of individuals of concern and offer debriefing services.|
|Stage I: Introductions||Introduction of CAPS staff to all individuals of concern, review debriefing process|
|Stage II: Disclosure of Events||CAPS will invite individuals of concern to disclose the details of the event from their own perspective|
|Stage III: Feelings and Reactions||CAPS will discuss feelings and emotional responses of individuals of concern|
|Stage IV: Coping Strategies||CAPS will normalize reactions, review coping strategies and discuss when to seek further services.|
|Stage V: Termination||CAPS will review CAPS services including daytime and after hours crisis services and additional resources and availability for further services|