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Leveraging U.S. Export Control Reform: New Challenges and Opportunities for U.S. Government Efforts to Counter WMD Proliferation through Enforcement of Export Controls Robert Shaw - Middlebury Institute of International Studies

Abstract

This project examines the impact of the ongoing Export Control Reform Initiative (ECRI) on U.S. Government efforts to enforce export controls in support of countering the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. With ECRI now in the second of three phases of implementation and realization of the third and final Phase uncertain, the project examines the reforms rolled out so far and evaluates their impact on DHS Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) and other USG stakeholders tasked with export enforcement. The project aims to fully illuminate the role of counter-proliferation export enforcement in the current and future context of Export Control Reform and how DHS HIS and other key stakeholders can most effectively utilize Export Control Reform, wholly or partially, to achieve counter-proliferation objectives while still facilitating legitimate trade and travel.